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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

XII: The Spanish and Portuguese reconquest, 1095-1492,   pp. 396-456 PDF (13.3 MB)

Page 456

settled, he would become a fellow subject under the king; we need only cite
the vast contrast in attitudes, for example, between the French Chanson de
Roland and the Castilian Can tar del Cid, or between the late crusade ideal
and the rejection of it in favor of peaceful conversion by so eminent a mid-fifteenth-century
thinker as cardinal John of Segovia, to appreciate the extent to which accep
tance of human coexistence (con vivencia) as well as enmity toward external
dominion colors the history of the reconquest.33 
 To be sure, between 1095 and 1492 many fluctuations in national and religious
purpose can be discerned: the bitter drives for survival against the Murabit,
Muwahhid, and Marinid might in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the
loss of momentum after 1350, and the revival of effort in the fifteenth century
that carried over into the Turkish and Reformation wars, and the great overseas
conquests, colonizations, and missionary enterprises of the early modern
age. Yet the impulses and methods, the skills in warfare and in the creation
of new societies that Spaniards displayed in the Caribbean, Mexico, and Peru,
and Portuguese in the Atlantic islands, Africa, Asia, and the Brazilian captaincies,
all are deeply rooted in the reconquest past and the long medieval confrontation
with Islam. 
33. D. Cabanelas Rodriguez, Juan de Segovia y el problema islámico
(Madrid, 1952). 

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