Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
X: The Kingdom of Cyprus, 1291-1369, pp. 340-360 PDF (10.3 MB)
354 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES experiences in his Songe du vieil pèlerin); the legate, Peter Thomas; and a considerable retinue. It is to Peter's additional credit that he undertook his incessant journeys despite the sea-sickness from which he suffered acutely. Landing in Venice, where, as next in Genoa, he spent some weeks, Peter then made for the papal court at Avignon. Here the party was warmly received by the new pope, Urban V, as by John II, king of France (but not, as often alleged, by the Danish monarch, Waldemar III). On April 12, 1363, a passagium generale was formally proclaimed by the pope, to be undertaken within two years under the command of the king of France. This all-important decision secured, and the pen sion of the young prince Hugh finally and satisfactorily settled, Peter and his following continued their way northward through Brab ant and Flanders, being welcomed, notably in Brussels and Bruges, with lavish entertainment. In October they crossed the Channel to enlist the aid of the kings of England and Scotland. Jean Froissart, to whom we are primarily indebted for our detailed knowledge of Peter's wanderings, describes the king's visit to London, where he was well received by Edward III and queen Philippa. Edward gave him a ship named the Katharine; Philippa tendered him handsome presents; like royal visitors of a later age, he was entertained, accord ing to a persistent tradition of the City of London, at a civic banquet, together with four brother kings. Edward offered his royal guest a tournament (for Peter excelled at jousting), but in the matter of the more serious business at hand excused himself from participat ing in the projected crusade on the ground of age, suggesting that this might be a task more suited to his sons. But he made it clear to the dismayed Peter that if he recovered his kingdom of Jerusalem, "he would be expected to hand over to Edward the Kingdom of Cyprus which Richard Lion Heart had given to his predecessor." 13 In February 1364 the party returned to France, and in Angoulême Peter sought out Edward the Black Prince, who followed his father's example in giving an evasive answer to the appeal to take the cross. In May he was present at the funeral of his intended leader John II at St. Denis and twelve days later at the coronation of John's successor Charles V in Rheims. The pontifical mass on this occasion was sung to the music of William of Machaut (c. 1300—1377), the foremost French musician of his century and the poet who subsequently commemorated Peter's exploits in his epic La prise d'Alexandrie ou chronique du roi Pierre I de Lusignan. 13. Hill, History of Cyprus, II, 326. On Waldemar see Iorga, Philippe de Mézieres, pp. 162—16 3.
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