Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
VIII: The Hospitallers at Rhodes, 1306-1421, pp. 278-313 PDF (20.9 MB)
Ch. VIII THE HOSPITALLERS AT RHODES, 1306—1421 311 and supplied it with food and wine; Cos was especially fertile. To the east of Rhodes, Castellorizzo was a garrisoned lookout post; to the north, the fortresses at Bodrum and Cos guarded the approaches to Rhodes. Unlike many of the modest defenses elsewhere in the archipelago, these two castles enclosed no town but were powerful isolated strongholds, partly surrounded by water. At Cos the precep tor had to maintain twenty-five Hospitallers, ten Latin men-at-arms, a hundred turcopoles, a doctor, and an apothecary, together with a ship with twenty banks of rowers.65 In fact, while the Latin possessions in the Levant gradually shrank, Rhodes grew stronger and, as a result, more important as a well-placed commercial entrepôt, a base for merchants of many nations, partic ularly for the Florentines and Catalans, who had no Levantine colony of their own.66 Although in 1399 there were on Rhodes at least sixty-three brethren of the langue of Provence alone, and in 1409 there were thirty-three brethren of the langue of Auvergne there,67 the Convent had become less exclusively French; Naillac's lieutenants at Rhodes between 1409 and 1420 were, successively, the Italian Dominic de Alamania, the German Hesso Schlegelholtz, a Frenchman, the marshal Lucius of Vallins, and a Catalan, the draper Anton Fluvian, who became master in 1421. In view of the Italian mercantile rivalries in the Levant the comparative paucity of Italians in the Convent was probably fortunate, but some became leading figures in the business community. The Florentine John Corsini possessed town and country property in Rhodes and lent money to the Hospital in the time of Juan Fernández de Heredia,68 while Dragonet Clavelli, a citizen of Rhodes, became a leading money lender and held both the Rhodian casale of Lardos and the island of Nisyros in fief. The Hospital needed such men to provide wealth and credit at Rhodes. treaty with the Ottomans is uncertain. There seems to be no evidence that the Hospital ever held Salona, as often maintained. 65. Descriptions in "Relation du pélerinage a Jerusalem de Nicolas de Martoni, notaire italien, 1394-1395," ed. E. Legrand, Revue de l'Orient latin, III (1895), 582—586, 638— 645; Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo (1403), in F. Lopez Estrada, Embajada a Tamorldn (Madrid, 1943), pp. 18—24; Description des lies de l'Archipel par Christophe Buondelmonti, ed. E. Legrand (Paris, 1897), pp. 25—33, 62—67, 181—189, 218—222; G. Gerola, "I Monu menti medioevali delle tredici Sporadi," Annuario delle R. Scuola archeologica di Atene, I (1914), 169—356; II (1916), 1—101; A. Maiuri, "I Castelli dei Cavalieri di Rodi a Cos e a Budrum (Alicarnasso)," ibid., IV—V (1921—1922), 275—343. 66. A. Luttrell, "Aragoneses y Catalanes en Rodas: 1350—1430," VII Congreso de Historia de la Corona de Aragon, II (Barcelona, 1962), 383—390. For the end of Catalan and Florentine rule in Greece see above, chapter VII. 67. Malta, cod. 330, folios 36r-38r; cod. 339, folios 233v-235r. 68. Luttrell, "Interessi fiorentini," pp. 325—326.
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