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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

VIII: The Hospitallers at Rhodes, 1306-1421,   pp. 278-313 PDF (20.9 MB)


Page 309

Ch. VIII THE HOSPITALLERS AT RHODES, 1306—1421 309 
Cyprus, where he arranged a treaty settling the differences between king
Janus and the Genoese.63 Boucicault was now free to sail to Alexandria but
was foiled by contrary winds; the Venetians had, in any case, betrayed his
plans. In August Boucicault attacked Tripoli, and Naillac and the Hospitallers
distinguished themselves in the fighting there. Then, after sacking Beirut,
he sailed via Rhodes for Genoa, fighting a sea-battle with the Venetians
off Modon in Octo ber. The presence of a Hospitaller galley at this battle
emphasized the difficulty of ensuring the complete neutrality of all the
brethren, and caused protracted quarrels with Venice. Meanwhile the Egyptians
as well as the Christians were suffering from the interruption of trade.
Despite Boucicault's aggression, an Egyptian envoy came to Rhodes and on
October 27, 1403, concluded a treaty by which the Hospital was to be allowed
to maintain consuls at Jerusalem, Ramla, and Damietta, to administer its
hospices and various shrines in and around Jerusalem, and to control the
pilgrim traffic. In 1407 the Hospitallers accepted a project of Boucicault
for a new attack on Egypt, but they failed to secure support for it from
Janus of Cyprus. During 1411 the prior of Toulouse was killed when some Hospitaller
galleys attacked Makri. In general, however, a period of more peace ful relations
followed the accord of 1403. 
As a result of the Ottomans' defeat at Ankara in July 1402, the Hospitallers'
presence in the Morea was less essential and even less welcome than earlier,
but they planned nonetheless to remain. In April 1403 a small force was preparing
to leave Rhodes for Glarentsa, hoping to win control of the principality
of Achaea, where Peter de Saint Superan had died in November 1402, and to
attack Theodore, who had broken his pacts with the Hospital. Early in 1403,
however, Antonio Acciajuoli had captured Athens from the Venetians, and on
June 7 the men of Athens, Thebes, and Megara, and their Turkish allies, attacked
the Hospitallers at Corinth. At about the same time the Christian powers
were making a treaty with the Ottomans; by it the Hospitallers were to have
the county of Salona and its castle of Zeitounion north of the Gulf of Corinth.
At peace with the Turks and under attack by Greeks and Latins alike, the
Hospital left the Morea. Negotiations over the repayment of monies received
by Theodore began in March or earlier, and Corinth was evacuated on June
4, 1404, but Theodore occupied Salona and refused to hand it over. The Hospital
retained latent interests in Greece; in 1405 it proposed to fortify Tenedos
at the mouth of the Dardanelles at its 
if it were conquered; see Traité d'Emmanuel Piloti sur le passage
en Terre Sainte (1420), ed. P. H. Dopp (Louvain and Paris, 1958), pp. 193—194.
63. See below, pp. 370—371. 


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