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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

VII: The Catalans and Florentines in Greece, 1380-1462,   pp. 225-277 PDF (23.4 MB)


Page 270

 270 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
to inherit the Athenian duchy, but at best it was a difficult inheri tance.
In October the senate wrote the colonial government of Negroponte that if
the Turks or the heirs of Antonio undertook to occupy the Acropolis, they
were to do so without Venetian inter ference. 159 Although the lord of Athens
was supposed to be a vassal of the republic, the senate was obviously unwilling
to try to maintain Venetian suzerainty over Attica and Boeotia, doubtless
preferring to concentrate upon the defense of Negroponte against the Turks.
 Although in 1394 king Ladislas of Naples had named as Nerio's heir the latter's
brother Donato Acciajuoli, we have seen that Vene tian governors and Nerio's
son Antonio had succeeded him in the palace on the Acropolis. Donato had
died in Florence in 1400, leaving three daughters and five sons; unlike their
father, four of the sons were drawn to Greece, and three of them took up
residence there. The lord Antonio employed one of them, Francis (or Franco),
as an envoy to Venice, 160 and gave him the castle of Sykaminon (near Oropus),
which had been for some years a stronghold of the Knights Hospitaller. Francis
died about September 1419, leaving his young sons Nerio and Antonio a greater
heritage than he himself had ever possessed, for the childless lord Antonio
had already summoned the boys and their mother Margaret Malpigli to be with
him in Greece. 161 Both boys were to become dukes of Athens. When they first
came to Athens (in 1413), at about three or four years of age, they were
accompanied by their uncle Nerio, the third son of Donato. 162 This Nerio
di Donato Acciajuoli made at least one other visit to Athens (in 1423); he
is an attractive figure, more interested in falconry and hunting than in
fighting, a favorite of Charles I Tocco and Frances Acciajuoli, the duke
and duchess of Leucadia. 163 Two other sons of Donato found ecclesiastical
careers in Greece: Antonio became bishop of Cephalonia in 1427, 164 and John
became, through 
 159. Sathas, I, doe. 131, p. 199. 
 160. Hopf, in Erseh and Gruber, LXXXVI (repr., II), 72; Gregorovius (tr.
Lampros), Athens, II, 295—296; and the document dated at Venice on
March 26, 1416 (Sathas, I, no. 43, p. 52). 
 161. Chaleocondylas, Historia, VI (CSHB, p. 320; ed. Darkó, II-1,
93), and note Buehon, II, Florence: doc. LXX, pp. 292—296, dated May
21, 1421. Margaret Malpigli was then living at Sykaminon with her two young
sons. 
 162. Buchon has published a considerable correspondence addressed .to Nerio
di Donato Acciajuoli (II, Florence: docs. LIII, LIV, LVI—LVIII, LX—LXVI,
pp. 269 ff.). 
 163. Cf. Buehon, I, 163—166; and II, Florence: docs. LXII—LXVI,
pp. 282—286. 
 164. Buehon, II, Florence: doc. LIX, p. 280, and cf. the letter Antonio
wrote to Nerio di Donato from Athens on December 16, 1423 (ibid., doc. LX,
pp. 280—28 1). Antonio appears with the name "de Morellis" in Eubel,
Hierarchia catholica, I, 181. 


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