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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries
(1975)

VII: The Catalans and Florentines in Greece, 1380-1462,   pp. 225-277 PDF (23.4 MB)


Page 230

 230 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES III 
could recover the Cadmea, obviously his grace needed an income. Urtubia had
apparently had much assistance in the occupation of 
Thebes, for the documents name several traitors "by whose work the city was
lost." John Boy! and Rodonella would seem to have come to Lerida with a proscription
list, and who can say whether malice added names? In any event Peter IV wrote
pope Urban VI (on September 11, 1380) accusing archbishop Simon Atumano of
Thebes, one of the great scholars of the time, of complicity in the Navarrese
capture of the city: "Most holy father: We are assured that owing to the
machinations and efforts of the archbishop of the city of Thebes—which
together with other cities, castles, and places in the duchies of Athens
and Neopatras now belong to our dominion—the said city was captured
by our enemies, and even now is being held by them on the advice of the archbishop
himself."7 
 The king repeated his request for the transference to the Theban see of
bishop John Boy!, "who has suffered many ills in his own person for the defense
of Christians." In two other letters of the same date (Sep tember 11) he
asked, first, that John Boy! be appointed apostolic legate in the duchies
of Athens and Neopatras as well as in the neighboring provinces of Romania
(which would have meant the virtual displace ment of archbishop Antonio Ballester
of Athens as vicar of the socalled patriarchate of Constantinople), and secondly,
that the interdict be lifted from the newly acquired dominions of Aragon
in Greece.8 
 Since the royal letters of early September 1380 refer more than once to
John Boyl's discourse in audiences with Peter IV, we may safely assume that
the lively bishop of Megara told his attentive sovereign a good deal about
the monumental beauty of Athens. The talks were not lost on Peter, and when
John Boyl requested a guard of ten or a dozen men-at-arms for the Acropolis,
the king ordered the treasurer of Aragon to provide twelve well-equipped
archers for four months, by which time (he said) he should have sent Dalmau
to Greece. A proper watch was necessary on the Acropolis, "especially as
the said castle is the richest jewel there is in the world and such that
all the kings of Christendom could not create its equal."9 This 
 7. Dipl., doc. CDVI, pp. 492—493. On Simon Atumano, see Giovanni Mercati,
Se la Versione dall' ebraico del codice veneto greco VII sia di Simone A
tumano, arcivescovo di Tebe: Ricerca storica con notizie e documenti sulla
vita dell' Atumano (Studi e testi, no. 30; Rome, 1916); Giorgio Fedalto,
Simone Atumano, monaco di studio, arcivescovo latino di Tebe, [nel] secolo
XIV (Brescia, 1968); and K. M. Setton, "The Byzantine Background to the Italian
Renaissance," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, C (1956),
47—52, reprinted in his Europe and the Levant ..., no. I. Simon Atumano
was appointed archbishop of Thebes by Urban V. 
 8. Dipl., docs. CDVI—CDVIII, pp. 49 3—494. 
 9. Dipl., doc. CDIV, p. 491, dated September 11, 1380: ".. . majorment con
lo dit 


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