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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

I: The Crusade in the fourteenth century,   pp. 2-26 ff. PDF (69.3 KB)

Page 15

the campaign, while the two kings took the cross from Urban's hands. Thence
Peter traversed almost the whole of the European continent in search of recruits
and material aid from its various potentates and great feudatories. He followed
a rather circuitous route across France, Flanders, Brabant, Germany, and
back to Paris to discuss concrete details with John II, then traveled around
Brit tany and Normandy until he sailed from the port of Calais to England.
He was received with honor at Smithfield by Edward III, who paid all his
expenses during his stay in England and presented him with a good ship named
Catherine, costing 12,000 francs. 
 Afterward, Peter spent Christmas of 1363 in Paris and went to meet the Black
Prince in Aquitaine, where the news of the death of king John in April 1364
forced his return to the French capital to attend the royal funeral. He had
to renew negotiations with John's successor, Charles V the Wise, who was
more restrained in his promises than his late father. After assisting in
the coronation cere mony at the cathedral of Rheims, the train of the Cypriote
monarch again penetrated Central Europe and won more adherents to the cause,
notably at the courts of margrave Frederick III of Meissen, duke Rudolph
II of Saxony, and even the Holy Roman emperor Charles IV at Prague, in addition
to the kings of Hungary and Poland. Jousts, tournaments, and all manner of
festivities were held in his honor everywhere. Cracow was probably the farthest
point that he attained eastward. Finally, his entry into Venice was registered
on November 11, 1364, and soon afterward he and his chivalry boarded the
Venetian fleet prepared for the occasion. 
 While the king thus journeyed throughout Europe, diplomatic action was conducted
by the papal curia in other fields. Cardinal Talleyrand had died, so Urban
V appointed Peter Thomas as his successor in the crusade. The new legate
and Philip of Mézières were the chief instigators in papal
activities. Letters were sealed by the pontiff inviting all the sovereigns
of Europe to join the crusade, and papal bulls were issued at Avignon to
grant the usual privileges together with plenary indulgences to all crusaders.
Men of many nations had already been waiting at Venice before the king's
arrival, and a number of small companies are said to have sailed from Otranto
and Genoa, though the Genoese contribution was much more modest than that
of the Venetians in this campaign. All the forces were ordered to converge
in the waters of Rhodes, and the king and his retinue finally set sail from
Venice on June 27, 1365. Their ultimate objective was guarded as a close
secret within the limited circle of his most trusted advisors. He feared
the perfidy of 

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