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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / Volume I: The first hundred years
(1969)

XIX: The decline and fall of Jerusalem, 1174-1189,   pp. 590-621 PDF (10.8 MB)


Page 602

602 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
On the one hand were the native barons, including such men as Baldwin of
Ramla, Balian of Ibelin, and Reginald of Sidon. Their acknowledged leader
in 1175 and more prominently after 1183 was Raymond of Tripoli. A man of
proved capacity, an excellent strategist, he had even won the respect of
his Moslem enemies. These native barons were united in opposition to Guy
and his associates for personal reasons and on grounds of public policy.
To them, the blooded nobility of the land secure in their ancient fiefs,
Guy was an upstart and adventurer whose rise to power aroused a natural jealousy
and a fear that continued success might eventually jeopardize their own vested
interests. In addition there is reason to believe that these men favored
a purely defensive military policy. Certainly this was true of Raymond of
Tripoli in 1187. At any rate they were opposed to rash adventures which the
"newcomers" with everything to gain and nothing to lose might advocate. 
 It is also evident that the principal historian of these events, William
of Tyre, must be counted among the adherents of Raymond of Tripoli. Like
the Ibelins he was a native of the Levant and shared their suspicions of
Guy and his fellows. Thus his excellent account, though faithful to the facts
as he learned them, is colored by his personal attitude. Unfortunately his
service as chancellor and his support of Raymond's cause came to an end with
his death, perhaps early in I 185. His history closes with the events we
have just described." 
 The court party which continued to support Guy of Lusignan was grouped around
Sibyl, Agnes, Joscelin of Edessa, Aimery of Lusignan, and Heraclius. The
masters of the two military orders, Arnold of Toroge and Roger of Les Moulins,
it will be recalled, had also pleaded on Guy's behalf in 1183. Perhaps they
were among those to whom Guy had made rash promises. Possibly, as was frequently
the case with the Templars and Hospitallers, they opposed the conservative
military policy of the native barons. Together with the patriarch they toured
Europe in 1184 seeking aid for the Holy Land. Arnold died on the journey
and was succeeded as master of the Templars in i i86 by Gerard of Ridefort.
 Gerard was already a personal enemy of Raymond of Tripoli. Some years previously,
when Gerard had first arrived in the east, he obtained from Raymond a promise
of the first good marriage in his county. Somewhat later the lord of al-Batrün
died leaving only 
 11 Cf. Krey, William of Tyre, I, 24ff. The details of the bailliage arrangements
are found in the Continuation (Ernoul, pp. 115—19; Eracles, pp. 4—10).
For a discussion of the conflicting testimony as to dates and other matters,
see Baldwin, Raymond III, pp. 57—59, and La Monte, Feudal Monarchy,
pp. 31—33, 51—54. 


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