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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
(1969)

XIX: The Decline and Fall of Jerusalem, 1174-1189,   pp. 590-621 PDF (13.0 MB)


Page 593

Ch. XIX THE DECLINE AND FALL OF JERUSALEM 593 
the native barons, now evidently in the ascendant, as one of themselves.
His ancestral inheritance, it is true, was the county of Tripoli, but through
marriage to Eschiva, widow of Walter of Tiberias, he secured control over
Tiberias, one of the important lordships of the kingdom. Except for a relatively
unimportant expedition into northern Syria, Raymond's administration was
uneventful. It is worth mentioning, however, that William, the historian,
was appointed chancellor and archbishop of Tyre. 
 At best, bailliage was a temporary expedient. Since the king's condition
precluded the possibility of direct succession, the hope of the dynasty rested
with his elder sister, Sibyl. Hence, sometime during 1175 or early in 1176
it was decided by Baldwin IV and the high court that some provision for the
future of the dynasty must be made. Accordingly, William Longsword, son of
William of Montferrat, was invited to the Holy Land. On his arrival in October
I 176, he was married to Sibyl with the county of Jaffa and Ascalon as dowry
and given what apparently amounted to the procuratorship or regency. Unfortunately,
William Longsword died in June 1177, a scant few months after his marriage.
Moreover, the birth of a son, the future Baldwin V, shortly afterward foreshadowed
another regency problem unless Sibyl should marry again. Even this last possibility
was not without its dangers as subsequent events were to prove. 
 The hopes so abruptly dashed by Montferrat's death were raised again later
in the same year (i 177) by the arrival of count Philip of Flanders, a relative
of king Baldwin, who was accompanied by a considerable retinue of knights.
Here at least was the prospect of real assistance against Saladin, and so
he was offered the regency. To the consternation and disappointment of all
he declined with a display of modesty which, to judge from his subsequent
behavior, was insincere. Eventually it was decided that Reginald of Châtillon,
who on his release from captivity had married Stephanie of Kerak (Krak des
Moabites) and Montréal (ash-Shaubak), should act as bailli with Philip's
assistance.2 Having thus embarrassed the high court in its attempt to provide
for the administration, Philip proceeded in various other ways to make himself
thoroughly a nuisance. Later in 1177, the king himself was again active and
apparently continued to exercise power until 
 2 Reginald of Kerak (originally, of Châtillon) had been released from
captivity in 1176. He married Stephanie, widow of Humphrey of Toron and Miles
of Plancy, and as lord of Kerak and Montréal was one of the kingdom's
most important barons. For Reginald's career see Schlumberger, Renaud de
Chdtillon. 


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