Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / Volume I: The first hundred years
XVI: The career of Nur-ad-Din, pp. 513-527 PDF (20.6 MB)
THE CAREER OF NUR-AD-DINCh.XVI 525 now half blind and deaf, he surrendered all his fiefs and governorships, except Irbil, to which he retired and which, on his death shortly afterwards, he left to his son Gökböri as his successor, under the control of his mamluk Mujãhid-ad-DIn Qaimaz. His place at Mosul was taken by a white mamluk of Zengi's, Fakhr-adDin cAbd~al~Massili, under whom matters continued to deteriorate. In January 1167 ShirkUh again invaded Egypt, at the head of a detachment of Nür-ad-Din's troops, with Turkoman reinforcements. No reason is assigned for this expedition except Shirküh's own desire to avenge himself on Shavar.'4 As on the previous occasion, Nür-ad-Din, on ShirkUh's departure, summoned the aid of Qu~b-ad-Din's forces from Mosul and engaged in widespread raiding and destruction in the territories of Tripoli, capturing alMunai~irah (Le Moinestre) and destroying Chastel-Neuf (Uunin). Shirküh's and Amairic's return, and dissensions between the troops of Aleppo and Mosul, brought the campaign to an end, and Nür-ad-DIn made over Raqqa to Qu~b-ad-Din, who occupied it on the way back. In the following spring the rebellion of a governor — a rare event in Nür-ad-Din's career — involved an expedition to Manbij to displace him and a personal intervention at Edessa. Barely had he returned to Aleppo in April i i68 when the ~Uqailid prince of Qa1~at Ja~bar, Mãlik ibn-~Ali, was captured by the Kalb Arabs and brought to him as a prisoner. For many months, in spite of promises and threats, the cUqailid refused to surrender his fortress, which withstood all the assaults of the Aleppo armies, but finally consented to exchange it for Sarüj and other fiefs, and it was made over in October to Majd-ad-Din Ibnad-Dayah. With this conquest Nür-ad-Din put an end to the last of the independent principalities in northern Syria and became fully master of the territories to the west of the principality of Mosul. Only a few weeks later he received the urgent appeal from the Fã~imid caliph and the vizir Shavar which led to Shirküh's third and final expedition to Egypt. Its addition, in January 1169, to the list of provinces which acknowledged him as sultan or as suzerain seemed to be the apogee of Nür-ad-Din's career.'5 But his ambitions were growing with the extension of his power. Many years before, he had been foiled in the attempt to assert his authority over Mosul itself, and he had since watched for an opportunity to 14 Cf. below, chapter XVII, p. 552. 1~ For the effect of this on the Latin states, see below, chapter XVII, p. 556; for further details regarding Saladin's role in Egypt see below, chapter XVIII, pp. 564—566.
Copyright 1969 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. All rights reserved. Use of this material falling outside the purview of "fair use" requires the permission of the University of Wisconsin Press. To buy the paperback book, see: http://www.wisc.edu/wisconsinpress/books/1732.htm