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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / Volume I: The first hundred years

XVI: The career of Nur-ad-Din,   pp. 513-527 PDF (20.6 MB)

Page 525

now half blind and deaf, he surrendered all his fiefs and governorships,
except Irbil, to which he retired and which, on his death shortly afterwards,
he left to his son Gökböri as his successor, under the control
of his mamluk Mujãhid-ad-DIn Qaimaz. His place at Mosul was taken
by a white mamluk of Zengi's, Fakhr-adDin cAbd~al~Massili, under whom matters
continued to deteriorate. 
 In January 1167 ShirkUh again invaded Egypt, at the head of a detachment
of Nür-ad-Din's troops, with Turkoman reinforcements. No reason is assigned
for this expedition except Shirküh's own desire to avenge himself on
Shavar.'4 As on the previous occasion, Nür-ad-Din, on ShirkUh's departure,
summoned the aid of Qu~b-ad-Din's forces from Mosul and engaged in widespread
raiding and destruction in the territories of Tripoli, capturing alMunai~irah
(Le Moinestre) and destroying Chastel-Neuf (Uunin). Shirküh's and Amairic's
return, and dissensions between the troops of Aleppo and Mosul, brought the
campaign to an end, and Nür-ad-DIn made over Raqqa to Qu~b-ad-Din, who
occupied it on the way back. In the following spring the rebellion of a governor
— a rare event in Nür-ad-Din's career — involved an expedition
to Manbij to displace him and a personal intervention at Edessa. Barely had
he returned to Aleppo in April i i68 when the ~Uqailid prince of Qa1~at Ja~bar,
Mãlik ibn-~Ali, was captured by the Kalb Arabs and brought to him
as a prisoner. For many months, in spite of promises and threats, the cUqailid
refused to surrender his fortress, which withstood all the assaults of the
Aleppo armies, but finally consented to exchange it for Sarüj and other
fiefs, and it was made over in October to Majd-ad-Din Ibnad-Dayah. 
 With this conquest Nür-ad-Din put an end to the last of the independent
principalities in northern Syria and became fully master of the territories
to the west of the principality of Mosul. Only a few weeks later he received
the urgent appeal from the Fã~imid caliph and the vizir Shavar which
led to Shirküh's third and final expedition to Egypt. Its addition,
in January 1169, to the list of provinces which acknowledged him as sultan
or as suzerain seemed to be the apogee of Nür-ad-Din's career.'5 But
his ambitions were growing with the extension of his power. Many years before,
he had been foiled in the attempt to assert his authority over Mosul itself,
and he had since watched for an opportunity to 
 14 Cf. below, chapter XVII, p. 552. 
 1~ For the effect of this on the Latin states, see below, chapter XVII,
p. 556; for further details regarding Saladin's role in Egypt see below,
chapter XVIII, pp. 564—566. 

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