Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118, pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)
406 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES I beyond the limits of our story. In i i i8 the results of Dãnith still stood. Roger's brief rule of Antioch was, states Cahen, "the moment of greatest prestige in its history."42 Let us now turn and see what king Baldwin of Jerusalem was able to do with his own dominions after the lapse of the Turkish peril in i i 15. In the fall of that year he built in the Transjordan the castle of ash-Shaubak, or Krak de Montréal, as it was called in his honor. This was on a commanding height south of the Dead Sea eighty-five miles from Jerusalem and eighty miles north of the Red Sea. Its fine strategic position enabled the Franks not only to protect the kingdom in that quarter, but to levy tribute upon the Moslem caravans passing between Damascus and Egypt and also between Damascus and the holy cities of Medina and Mecca. The next year Baldwin extended his influence still farther south by leading a military force to Ailah at the head of the gulf now called Aqaba, on the Red Sea. This town, one hundred and fifty miles south of Jerusalem, became the southernmost point in his kingdom. According to Albert of Aix, Baldwin now visited the Greek monastery of Mount Sinai, which is ninety miles to the southwest,, but made no claim upon the territory in this area.43 Late in i i i6 Baldwin put away his queen, Adelaide of Sicily. He had put aside Arda, his Armenian queen, in 1113, in order to marry Adelaide. He wanted to secure a rich dowry and the friendship of Adelaide's son, count Roger II of Sicily. It was agreed that Roger should inherit the kingdom if the royal pair should be childless. It is presumable that this political marriage had the approval of Baldwin's close friend and adviser, patriarch Arnuif. Arnulf, a royal partisan during the patriarchates of Daimbert (1099--I 102), Evremar (11o2—I1o8), and Gibelin (iio8—iiiz), and privy to the removal of the first two, became patriarch in 1112. But there was enough of clerical opposition to his policy of subordinating the church to the interests of a strong monarchy, and of personal opposition to Arnuif himself, to secure his deposition in a papal legatine court in 1115. Arnuif promptly went to Rome and was reinstated in i i i6. At this time he agreed to urge Baldwin to give up his bigamous union with Adelaide. King Baldwin, becoming very sick late in i i i6, and still childless, fell in with this idea. It is probable, as Kuhn suggests, that both Baldwin and 42 Cahen, op. cit., p. z66. For the events around Aleppo see especially Kamãl-ad-Din (RHC, Or., III), pp. 6i i—6i8. For Roger's death and the ager sanguinis see below, chapter XIII, p. 413. ~ Albert of Aix, p. 703.
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