Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years
XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118, pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)
Ch. XII THE FOUNDATION OF THE LATIN STATES 403 Tiberias gateway, and caused the kingdom to muster its full strength which the invaders then disastrously defeated. Both times the Franks were marooned on a hill short of water. But there were three differences. King Baldwin's troops were not entirely without water, he received reinforcements, and he was astute and had the respect of his colleagues in spite of his error. King Guy in 1187 would enjoy none of these advantages. The danger to the Franks implicit in the existence of the able and energetic Maudüd ended with the murder of that prince, October 2, 1113. He was struck down in the presence of Tughtigin, probably by a member of the fanatical sect of Assassins. It is hard to escape the conclusion that Tughtigin, jealous of his autonomy and annoyed at the continued presence in his capital of the sultan's generalissimo, was involved. For the Franks the results were wholly fortunate. First, the murder removed a most powerful, persistent, and capable adversary. Second, Tughtigin, though he posed as innocent, became suspect in the court of sultan Muliammad at Baghdad. As a result Tughtigin was driven to making a permanent truce with king Baldwin in 1114, and even to an alliance with the Frankish princes in 1115. Thus the circumstances of Maudüd's death bred suspicions among the Turks and destroyed much of the unity it had been his life work to create.39 MaudUd's death did not, however, cause sultan Muliammad to abandon the holy war. He named Aksungur al-Bursuki to be Maudüd's successor as governor of Mosul and leader in the war. Aksungur made a futile attack upon Edessa, in May of. 1114. A more positive achievement was the acceptance of an offer of loyalty from the widow of the Armenian prince Kogh Vasil (d. i 112). Her husband had suffered from aggression by Tancred in 1112. By her action Marash, Kesoun, and Raban, all northwest of Edessa, were included in the Turkish sphere of influence. However, Aksungur permitted himself to be badly defeated by a Mesopotamian rival, tl-Ghãzi ibn-Artuk of Mardin, probably late in 1114. As a result tl-Ghãzi, fearing the vengeance of the sultan, made an alliance with Tughtigin of Damascus. According to Ibn-al-AthIr the two princes even made an agreement with Roger of Antioch.~° A wide breach was opened in the ranks of the Turks. A second result of Aksungur's defeat was his replacement as Muliammad's generalissimo by Bursuk ibn-Bursuk of Hamadan. ~° On MaudUd's assassination see above, chapter IV, p. I 13. For a discussion of Moslem politics at this period see above, chapter V. pp. 169—570. 40 Ibn-al-Athir, p.294.
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