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Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / The first hundred years

XII: The Foundation of the Latin States, 1099-1118,   pp. 368-409 PDF (16.5 MB)

Page 402

led Baldwin to take vigorous counter-measures, including a mass deportation
to Samosata in 1113, rescinded in 1114. Baldwin's poverty after the constant
Turkish devastations east of the Euphrates, contrasted with the prosperity
of Joscelin at Tell Bashir, led him in 1 1 1 3 to imprison his chief vassal
briefly, strip him of his fief, and expel him. Joscelin was welcomed at Jerusalem
by Baldwin I and given the fief of Galilee. 
 The Selchükids attacked the Franks again in 1 I I 3. This time Maudüd
passed by Edessa and straightway joined Tughtigin of Damascus, who had been
suffering from raids from the Franks of Jerusalem. The combined Turkish army
boldly took position south of Lake Tiberias, east of the Jordan, across from
the village of as-Sinnabrah. King Baldwin summoned what was probably his
maximum strength, seven hundred knights and four thousand footmen according
to Albert of Aix, and marched north. At the same time he called upon Roger
of Antioch and Pons of Tripoli for help. Baldwin, always aggressive and usually
shrewd, this time blundered into the enemy at as-Sinnabrah, June z8. He lost
twelve hundred infantry and thirty knights, and himself barely escaped. The
next day Roger and Pons arrived at Tiberias, and reproached their senior
colleague for his rashness. 
 But the end was not yet. The Frankish force, inferior in num bers, took
refuge on a hill west of Tiberias where though safe they suffered from lack
of sufficient water. Ibn-al-Athir writes that the Franks were immobilized
here for twenty-six days. For two months Turkish raiding parties roamed the
kingdom to the envi rons of Jaffa and Jerusalem itself. The Arab peasantry
assisted the Turks in the plundering and devastation. However the towns,
except Nablus and Baisan, held out behind their walls. As the summer wore
on the Frankish army, which stayed around Tiberias, grew by accretion of
pilgrims from Europe until it numbered about sixteen thousand men according
to Albert of Aix. At the same time Maudüd's Iraqian allies became more
and more in sistent upon returning home, and eventually did so. Maudud dismissed
his own men, and himself went to Damascus with Tughtigin, September 5. 38
He intended to prepare for a campaign the next year. 
 Maudüd's invasion of the kingdom in 1113 was strikingly like that of
Saladin in 1187. In each case the Moslems entered via the 
 88 The best sources for the history of this remarkable invasion are Ibn-al-Qalanisi,
pp. 133—139; Albert of Aix, pp. 694—696; Fuicher of Chartres,
pp. 565—572; and William of Tyre, XI, 19. See also Ibn-al-Athir (RHC,
Or., I), p. 289. 

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