Baldwin, M. W. (ed.) / Volume I: The first hundred years
VIII: The First Crusade: Clermont to Constantinople, pp. 253-279 PDF (13.0 MB)
Ch. VIII CLERMONT TO CONSTANTINOPLE 279 were able to buy what they needed. No doubt the long wait in Apulia, and the fear and cost of transportation by sea, had elimi nated many of the impecunious pilgrims. While encamped with out the walls, small parties were permitted to enter the city to visit the churches. Among these visitors was the chronicler Fulcher, who was greatly impressed by the sights of this "excellent and beautiful city". With the arrival of Robert of Normandy and Stephen, the first stage of the crusade, the march of the armies to Constantinople, was ended. That the Byzantine officials had handled the large numbers of crusaders and pilgrims very successfully is indicated by the rarity, as a whole, of the complaints made by the western chroniclers who accompanied the armies. But it must also be noted that the crusading leaders had managed their undisciplined crowds very well, especially in restraining the propensity of their men to forage. For, although most of the crusaders, and also the noncombatant pilgrims, seem to have understood that they had to have the means to buy food, they were all ready enough to forage when the opportunity came. Certainly, this was true of the Lorrainers, the Normans from southern Italy, and the Provençals. That they were difficult folk to manage, Alexius knew very well, and as they arrived at Constantinople, he undertook to come to terms with the leaders, one by one.
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