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Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / The art and architecture of the crusader states

IV: Military Architecture in the Crusader States in Palestine and Syria,   pp. 140-164 PDF (8.9 MB)

Page 158

8. Plan of Château Pèlerin 
were right-angle entrances and which rose to a height of some fifty-eight
feet. Wall and towers were supplied with double rows of loop-holes, which
in the case of the wall were manned from an inner gallery and from an open
parapet. Beyond lay the east bailey with towering above it the two great
towers, 110 feet high, linked by a wall of massive masonry, possibly coming
from the ancient ruins which the scholasticus Oliver tells us were found,
along with a hoard of gold, when the foundations were dug.24 Excavations
have shown that this was the site of a Phoenician settlement, and these great
blocks, larger than any the crusaders used elsewhere (a single one, Oliver
says, could hardly be pulled by two oxen) may have come from their walls.
This triple line of defense was arranged concentri cally, that is, the inner
wall commanded the outer and the two great towers were placed opposite the
spaces between the three towers of 
24. Oliver Scholasticus, Historia Damiatina (ed. H. Hoogeweg as Die Schriften
des kölner 
Domscholasters, späteren Bischofs von Paderborn und Kardinal-Bischofs
von S. Sabina, Oliverus; Bibliothek des litterarischen Vereins in Stuttgart,
CCII; Tübingen, 1894), 169-172. 

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