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United States. Office of the US High Commissioner for Germany / A program to foster citizen participation in government and politics in Germany

5. Police policy and administration,   pp. 16-[19] PDF (2.8 MB)

Page 18

and actual work until seniority qualifies an of-
ficer for the higher position.
Two conferences of a hundred leading police ex-
ecutives in the U.S. Zone are planned for discussion
of policy, programs and general problems. Addi-
tional conferences are held once a month with some
ten leading police executives.
(2) Consultants
It is planned to bring the following experts to
Germany during the next year:
a. A specialist on the legal powers of police and
legal safeguards protecting citizens against the
b. A specialist in the field of public relations be-
tween the police and the citizens of the community.
c. A specialist in the field of juvenile crime pre-
vention, special activities of the police in dealing
with juveniles, etc.
d. A specialist who is or has been a leading of-
ficial in a chiefs of police association, who is
qualified to advise on the establishment of such
organizations and the programming of their activ-
e. A police organization efficiency specialist who
combines experience in police operations and or-
ganizational problems, preferably one who has
participated in the conduct of reorganizational
surveys and planning for American municipal po-
lice departments.
f. One or more specialists on traffic safety and
community support therefor.
These specialists will work with the German
police associations and officials.
(3) German Visits to U.S. and European Countries
46 German police will be invited to visit the U.S.
in groups of 12 or less. Present plans call for ar-
rangements with an American University with a
school for police administration. The first four
weeks of each visit will be devoted to class room
orientation. The remaining time will be devoted to
a conducted tour to city, county, state and federal
law enforcement agencies as well as legislative and
judicial bodies, community organizations, schools
etc. Included in one of these groups will be re-
presentatives of the German Associations of Chiefs
of Police who will attend the international Chiefs'
of Police 1950 convention during their visit.
The program will be devised to show that muni-
cipal police forces, however small can efficiently
provide the community with all needed police pro-
tection, although they are entirely independent of
control by authorities at a higher level of govern-
ment. It will show the practicability of a system
which limits the authority and jurisdiction of police
practice and techniques in the field of organiza-
tion, operation and training which will enable the
participants to improve the efficiency of their own
establishment. Not least, the visitors will renew
contacts with members of their profession outside
(4) Pamphlets
"Relation of the Citizen to the Policeman". The
purpose is to explain. in simple terms the demo-
cratic conception of the police and their duties;
the authority they may legitimately excercise and
in what manner; common abuses and what to do
about them; and how cooperation and understand-
ing between citizens and police may be developed.
It will also explain the obligations of the citizen
to the community and hence to the police in terms
of public order and public safety.
In connection with the traffic safety campaign a
number of pamphlets will be prepared, some for
the citizens and some for the officials. They will
deal with traffic safety principles for the driver
and the pedestrian, with the technical aspects of
traffic safety for municipal officials and police, and
with materials which may be used by teachers in
the schools. There will also be special material for
the children themselves.
A pamphlet will be published reporting the con-
clusions of the conference between a U.S. visiting
consultant and representatives of the police chiefs
and Buergermeisters. This conference was held to
eliminate difficulties and misunderstandings be-
tween local authorities and police chiefs, and plan
further coordination and cooperation. Copies of this
pamphlet will go to every Buergermeister and
police chief and to other interested persons.
American books on police organizations, methods
and practices will be reviewed. Those found espe-
cially suitable for German use will be published
in German.
(5) Land Offices
This particular item of the program varies from
the others because there is a public safety specialist
in each Political Office in the three southern Laen-
der, and therefore it is possible to work out a spe-
cial public safety program for the Land Offices.
This program will include:
A weekly conference with police officials in a
particular locality to examine practices, problems,
Occasional conferences in each large community
between police, press and radio officials to estab-
lish a better relationship between them and,
through them, with the citizens.
Cooperation with the local professional associa-
tions of Chiefs of Police, police technicians and
policemen for the exchange of ideas, dissemina-
tion of information, and sponsoring of additional
programs directed at informing the police and pub-
lic of democratic methods of police organization,
operation, and techniques.
Occasional preparations of script and arrange-
ment for broadcast of a program on police matters.
(6) Kreis Offices
While the Kreis Resident Officers have a mul-
titude of other duties and cannot devote a large
part of their time to police matters, the relations
between police and citizens lie at the root of or are
typical of so many German governmental prob-
lems that action in this particular field will often
serve a much broader purpose. The Kreis Officers
are in a specially favorable situation to encourage
understanding and cooperation between citizen
and police. Specific suggestions will be given them,
and seminars will include coverage of this subject.
They will be briefed upon the simpler aspects of
the traffic safety campaign and will encourage
municipalities and citizens in programs directed
at this program. They have the opportunity to en-
list the aid of local newspapers both in respect
of traffic safety and general police work.
(7) Newspapers and Radio
The newspapers will be encouraged to continue
publication of articles on leading German police

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