White, Cha. (ed.) / The continental times: special war edition
No. 1076. Vol. XXI. No. 9 (January 22, 1915)
The continental times: special war edition, No. 1076, Vol. XXI, No. 9, January 22, 1915
Ibe Special War Edition A JOURNAL FOR I'm' AMERICANS IN EUROPE No. 1076. Vol. XXI. No.9. ROTTERDAM LUCERNE BERLIN GENEVA VIENNA ROME FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1915. War News. W.T.B. January 20th. Between the coast and Lys only artillery fighting. At Notre 1)ame de Lorette a trench of about 200 yards length was captured; 2 machine guns and several prisoners fell into German hands. Several trenches were taken from the French in the Argonnes. For the last few days the Gierman advance in these parts amounts to about 550 yards. Hirzstein, near Sennheim was conquered and 2 officers and 40 men made prisoners. W. T. B. January 21st. The trench captured from the French at Notre Dame de Lorette yesterday was lost again. The enemy made repeated attacks along the road Arras-Lille, but was repulsed. Two French trenches were conquered at Berry-au-Bac. French attacks at St. Mihiel have been repulsed. At Pont-a-Mousson part of the positions, cap- tured by the French three days ago were re-taken, 4 guns and several prisoners captured; fighting for the other positions continues, as also fightng in the Vosges.-An engagement at Lipno (Poland) was successful. Several hundreds of prisoners were made. The German advance northeast of Borzimoff is progressing satisfactorily. A Russian attack at Lopuszno was repulsed. W. T. B. January 20th. During the night of January 19th to January 20th., German Naval Airships attacked several fortified places on the English East Coast. Several bombs were thrown successfully. The Air- ships were fired at, but returned undamaged. This message is supplemented by reports from London to the effect, that the airships have bombarded Yarmouth, Sheringham, Cromer, Kings Lynn and the Royal Resi- dence, Sandringham, the latter place only a few hours after the King and Queen had left for London. The damage amounts to everal thousand pounds Sterling. Vienna, January 20th In Poland only n;Ilfary, fighting The Autro - Hungarin artillery at the Dunajec River bombarded parts of the Russian infantry entrenchments, successfully and compelled the enemy to evacuate a farm. An Austro-Hungarian de- tachment pressed forward to the river, in- flicted strong losses on the enemy and destroyed a bridge built by the Russians. Constantinople, January 20th By a nght attack on the English positions at he Shat c1 Arab the enemy was completely taken by surprise, losing about 100 men killed and wounded. An English cavalry detachment tried to attack Turkish infantry at Corna. The enemy, who was supported by a gunboat, was compelled to withdraw with severe losses. Nicholas II for Peace. For some time past, rumor has been busy with the subject of the peace desires of the Emperor of Russia There is the best of reason for stating that the Autocrat of all the Russians, is inwardly convinced that peace is the best thing for his much tried and financially embarassed country. Nicoai Alexandrovitch, the Emperor is of one opinion, hut Nicolai Nicolaivitch, the chief in command of all the Russian armies, takes a quite op- posite view and he wishes at all ri ks to continue the war, as by so doing he has everything to gain and nothing to lose If peace should now be made Nicolai Nicolai- vitch stands stultified in the eyes of the world. So he holds out fiercely, in the vague hope that he may snatch victory out of the fire. If -as is so exceedingly likely-lie loses Warsaw, why he stands no worse off than lie is at present. But if Warsaw falls, Nicolai Alexandrovitch foresees all the possibilities of the outbreak of a revolution which has long been simmering, the results of which none can foretell. It has become a battle of the little and big Nicolai. At present big Nicolai appears to have the upper hand, but may be little Nicolai's turn will come. Big Nicolai is reputed to be quite willing to sacrifice little Nicolai to his own ambitions, and with the army at his command, big Ni- colai just now looks difficult to tackle. Adstro-Hungarian Heir-Apparent in Berlin. Archduke Charles Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, has arrived in Berlin yesterday on his way to the German Army Headquarters, where lie intends to pay a visit to the German Emperor. The Archduke and his suite have taken rooms at the Hotel Adlon. Shortly after his arrival His Imperial Highness called upon the Ger- man Empress and upon Prince August Wilhelm, who is at present staying here on account of his illness. The Archduke's visit has made a favourable impression in political circles as well as among the population of tBerlin in general. Russias Dilemma. Emperor Nicholas is convinced that a conclusion of peace is the best policy for Russia. Rasputins influence. Nicolai Nicolaivitsch on the contrary wishes to risk all upon an effort to retrieve the misfortunes of his armies. There is none I know of, who can talk in such an interesting way upon the subject of Russia as Dr. Paul Rohrbach editor of "Das Tossere Deutschiand". The reason is that he in an out and out expert upon the subect of events in the Muscovite Empire and you can learn more from him in half .an hours talk about Russia than you might otherwise get to know in years, in the ordinary course of events. Just now, there is no subject more discussed than the situation in Russia. And there is no rumor, which one hears more often re- peated, than that which tells that Emperor Nicholas II; godfather of the Hague Con- ference; is in favour of the conclusion of peace. An expert. Therefore, it is particularly interesting at such a time as this; when all thinking po- liticians in this country ae fully aware that the collapse of Russia would practically mean, the termination of the war; to hear what a man like Dr. Rohrbach; who has information, in spite of cxsting conditions, directly from Russia sources; has to say. Well, in the first place, Dr. Paul Rohr- bach has information to the effect that the Tzar of Tzars wishes for peace! That is news of the highest interest to the world at large. And what is more Dr. Rohrbach, considers the Russians to be in a' most parlous, yes, in a truly perilous state. And I will give you here the substance of what the Dr. has to say, every word of which remains vividly in my mind, although the interview was taken under ever changing conditions, a bit of it in an automobile, another part during a smart walk through traffic stormed streets and the end in the quiet of his bureau. It comes back to me about as follows. Crops the factor. To understand the immediate Russian situation, it is necessary to go back a few years. In the years 1909 and 1910 the grain crops in Russia were quite unusually good. As a result Russia gave out large orders abroad of. It must be remembered that the mainstay of the Russian Empire is her grain riches and, so it comcs, that grain, in a way is currency; that is to say its financial worth form the means of payment by Russia abroad, in return for those things whnch she cannot supply herself. Again, in 1912, a splendid harvest, and once more, following on, large, over large Russian orders and commitments abroad. But 1913 came, and, with it a miserable har- vest, imports enormous, exports small, con- sequently a rotten state of trade. Long faces in the commercial and financial world and great hopes 1614 would come up trumps and make up for the past bad year. But no such thing took place! On the contrary the spring of 1913 found Russia face to face with a far worse sitution than any hitherto. Imports again exaggerated, exports sunk away down. As everyone knows, for even the peace loving Emperor Nicholas in a fit of unusual expansiveness had alluded to it openly; Russia had proposed to be quite ready for a war, which would surely end in her supremacy ovcr c.1 Eurp, inVi U. tal, ii was reasoned, by the Pan-Slav party of chauvinism, "if it keeps on like this, thire will be no money to make war with!" Horrible dilemma! A forced situation. So the party of war headed by the tallest man in the Russian army, the Grand Duke Nicolai Nicolaivitch, Commander in Chief of the combined armies; backed by Iswolski, Sasonow, the late Nicolai de Hart- wig the Russian Minister to Belgrade; in understanding with M. Delass, whoi had not come to Petersburg as French Am- bassador for nothing decided that, after all, the present moment was perhaps propitious for pushing on a war. It was true that the proposed strategic railroads through Poland hat not been finished, but they would risk it. It was calculated in Russian Pro-Slav circles, that Austro Hungary would be unable to mobilise on account of differences with her Slav populations. Also that Germany would have to send all her troops against the French and would therefore be unable to stop the Russian military masses, designed to make a victorious rush upon the German capital. How seriously Russia was deceived in both her military calculations, is known to us all. But what is not generally known, and which Dr. Rohrbach pregnantly draws attention to forms another point, namely that there was a third and al important calculation upon which the t :.- ns had build their hopes, n war would b of short duratson. , A ar.nte colossus- of the north has cen doomed to bitter disappointment. She calculated at the utmost on a three to four months war and had pictured to herself, well before that time had come, that the triumphal entry into Berlin would have been made at the latest at Christmas. Today, as everyone knows, Russia, as an invading force, has ceased to exist. Her losses in officers, n.en and material have been enormous and each day isees her beaten further and further back and the united armies are within sight of the walls of Warsaw. Each day of battle makes it worse for the Russians, bekiTe for her opponents, for Russia has shot her bolt and she has no recuperative power. She fails in everything needful for her armies and not only in material of war, but also in ratlroad connections. Meanwhile, the Emperor, who as everyone knows, is anything but a descendent of Mars, after making several flying and exceedingly superficial visits to the seat of war, which he was told were necessary to restore the vani- shing faith of the Ru'ssian people in himself, retired to Tzarskoe Selo, fully convinced that great dangers thrcaten, not only on account of the war, but of a revolutionary nature. The Miracle worker. Now the Emper-r Nicholas, has all his life been supelsttitus, easily influenced by fortune tellers, pesons professing mystic powers and th/e ik' -r some years past His Imperial Ma'cs ' a" much faith in a Siberian peasant (I Iame of Rasputin, who claims to be a ccomplish wonder- ful feats of healin ypnotism and is also a clairvoyant. hypnotised the youthful and very ate heir to the throne, and is cr with having ac- complished a cure tier y. In the Emperors so frequent times of indecision or trouble in late years, Rasputin has been called in and so now. Rasputin wen consulted gave his decision firmly and strongly as against war, which he has assured his imperial client can bring but evil to the Empire. And so, Emperor Nicholas is against war. He is for war. But Nicolai Nicolaivitch is for war! In spite of the multitudinous defeats of his armies, 'he with characteristic recklessness of the Russian, believes that he may still achieve victory. To him the losses of thousands upon thousands of Russans, have no weight. He considers that for such sacrifices the R'ssian Moujik is born. He calculates that if the war were stopped now, his reputation would be badly damaged. But that if it continues, he might win a victory, and, if not, he would not be any the worse off than he is. So he plays va banque, in Russian fashion. Meanwhile, the boasted Russian gold re- serves are dwindling away, and the finances of the country are in a very bad way. But of that hereafter. Interview -wit-JeR-arman Imp eril- Chancellor. Mr. Conger, Berlin correspondent of the American Associated Press had an interview with Baron von Bethmann-Hollweg,theGerman Imperial Chancellor when the latter was in Berlin some time ago In the course of the conversation the Chaicellor touched upon several interesting subjects connected with the war, for instance the American Action for relief in Belgium, Belgium's neutrality, the battle of Tannenberg, England's cable censorship etc The Chancellor also declared that Germany had a sufficient supply of copper, oil, rubber arsd similar raw materials in spite of England's blockade of German oversea traffic. We intend to publish this interview in full in another issue of the Conti :ental Times. When the War will begin. Lord Kitchener's View. Hlavas. It is stated that an English officer told the following story the other day at a French officers' mess: A lady recently asked Earl Kitchener when the war was going to end. "I don't know whn it will end," replied the Secretary for War, "but I know when it will begin, and that is in the month of May." America beware! Great Britains policy of crushing out her political and commercial rivals. Germany today, U. S. tomorrow! Britains pact with Japan intended as a weapon to draw the United-States into war. To the Editor, Continental Times. With great pleasure I have read your re- cent editorials on the precent war and its politicaL.consequences, regarded from an American point of view. Allow me as an American citizen to give and recall two inter- esting conversation which I had with English commercial representative, about three years ago, in Central and South America. At that time I served as a ship surgeon on one of the large German liners and be- came acquainted with officials, as well as consuls and merchants at the different ports we touched at. A particular English Consul, aboard our ship one day, to my astonished ears made the following statement, he taking me for a German. "Well, I tell you, it is about time that England and Germany should get together and between them divide the commerce of the world." My reply was, that such was easier said than done, and that it was for the United States to conquer the commerce of South America, as natural, she being the nearest to it. To crush America. To that the English Consul replied:-"To England it is a paramount issue to 'crumble' the United States commercially as well as to try and embarass her politically. Therefore we have the pact with Japan, to keep the States down, and, upon the first occasion, draw her into war with Japan and England would than be in command." When I asked him "what about the Anglo- Saxon friendship?" he replied "Rotten! There does not exist any such friendship, for Eng- land never would have true friendship with the United-States". Then he went on to explain saying that that was a universal belief in his country, also that the difference of thought between an Englishman and an American is so great that there is no possibility of bridging it over. Besides, he claimed, the United States to be a nation of "know nothings" whilst England is a wonder- ful nation etc. etc. In conclusion he stfN that it would be a great idea if England and Japan got together and proceeded to wipe the U. S. off the political map, Noting my surprise, he said: "We were very clever in getting hold of the Suez Canal and the same of Egypt, so that we are able to grow our own cotton so as to be in- dependent of the United States. And, last but not least, we will get hold of the Panama Canal also, that is the Alpha and Omega of British politics." "What about the so much talked of English American spiritual conformity of civilisation Consul?" I asked. "All nonsense" he replied" for you know we always understood how to hide our true feelings". Such were the main points the gentleman gave me on English politics. At the time being I regarded his utterances as perhaps merely those of a singular person. However about six months later I heard migh of a similar story from an English enginer who was returning on our ship. But this latter know me to be an American. One day he i io; use a German boat. Those d . . . Germans are now everywhere England and the United- States ought to join hands to destroy Ger- many and her commerce. Englands policy is to get other nations into war, stand aside and laugh and when the end comes take as much as possible". A bad friend. Since then I have made it my business to try and find out the political ideas of the English and all I have met have expressed much the same ideas as those quoted above. In the summer of 1913 I noticed in a Berlin morning paper an article upon American politics which I did not approve of, because it ridiculed certain American governmental ideas and talked of the Anglo-German friend- ship. I called the attention of the newspaper to the fact that Germany and the United States, were, by paramount and political reasons, forced to go hand in hand, as an all powerful England can never be good for the United States or Germany. For England never has and never will stand a powerful rival commercial or politieal. I warned the paper against the English expressions of friendship and advised it that it would be better to seek the natural friendship of the United States, I told the Editor that the time would come when Germany would be scrry for having listened to the false declarations of friendship from England-but never ex- pected that proof would come so soon! Will embroil the U.S. My idea in publishing the above facts; which I can verify at any time; is to show what the United States has to expect from the so called English friendship. I am quite sure that upon the first opportunity England will seek to embroil the United States in troubles. Englands idea w in the first place to get rid of her powerfu rival (jer- many and then strike with both hands at her other rival the United States. Oh, how I do wish to warn our people not to trust England, and, if I cannot, history should do so. During 138 years of our history, England has continuously striven, in her own typical way, to get us into diffi- culties, invariably professing friendship, but really seeking to do us harm. That she has not thrown the gauntlet down to us, is merely because the time has not yet come. But should she succeed, with the aid of her pre- sent allies, in destroying Germany-which providence, and the German army, may be, will prevent-her next step would be to get America out of her way. It is impossible for me to understand how our citizens, over home, can give their sympathies to the allies. Besides I always thought that it ought to be against American ideas of fairness, that half a dozen foes should attack one. But I remember the words of the great American Lincoln:-"You can fool all the people some of the time, some of the people all the time, but you can't fool all the people all the time" Berlin, Jan. 1915. Otto Plutschow M.D. Galician Nobles' Homage. A deputation of representatives of the Galician nobility has had an audience of Emperor Francis Joseph. In a loval address, Knight von Niezabi- towsky, acting as spokesman, gave utteraiF to the faithful and loving sentiments of the Polish nobility living under the Emperor's sway. In the course of his speech the nobleman said: "Our land (Galicia), which, being the scene of the war feels its cruelty most, fights with all its might under your Majesty's standards, conscious of thereby defending at the same time its faith and its centuries old culture. We shall never forget that under your Majesty's sceptre and through the kindness of your Majesty's fatherly heart we have obtained recognition of our national life and the possibility of its further development." Knight von Nieza- bitowsky wound up his speech with the pronunciation of the ancient loyal vow: "By thy side, most gracious liege, we stand and there we shall stand for ever." The Emperor made a gracious reply ex- expressing his warm sympathy with the ordeals undergone by Galicia, as well his ardent wish that a long period of honorably secured peace might recompense the Galician kingdom for its immeasurable sacrifice and devotion. What an American Diplomat has seen in Germany. Mr. Henry Dodge of Cleveland, who has been attached to the American Embassy, Paris during the war and also was at Berlin on a special mission to Ambassador Gerard, has now returned to Cleveland and has told in- terviewers about his experiences in Germany. "During my slay in Paris," Mr. Dodge said, "I only thought of the allies' victory as a question of time, but since I have been in Germany, I have changed my opinion. It looks as if Germany would give the world a surprise. Before I left France I was con- vinced that Germany could not stand the war longer than a year. Now I am sure, that she will stand it four years. In France I heard Germany was starving. I did not see anything of this sort. I was told Germany had not sufficient metals for the production of guns and ammunition. But she has every- thing she wants. I heard, she was in lack of gasolene, but I saw she had an inexhaustible supply from other oil districts. And I also saw the Germans do not hate the French; they are sorry to a certain extent that the French should have allowed themselves to be drawn into the fight. But they hate the English from the bottom of their hearts. American Gift for Germany. The Committee of the German Relief Fund in New York has collected 652500 Marks. Of this sum 200000 Marks are to go to the German Red Cross, 200000 Marks to the National Fund for fallen soldier's families and 250000 Marks to relieve the distress cau- sed in East Prussia through the war. 2500 Marks are given to a private lazarett at Wiesbaden. LATEST WAR NEWS Price 5 Cent, 25 cts., 20 Pf. ISSUED EVERY MONDAY WEDNESDAY FRIDAY.
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