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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Note from the Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister (Kuznetsov) to the American Ambassador (Thompson), on European security, July 15, 1958,   pp. 292-297 PDF (2.7 MB)

Page 295

The Government of the USSR, of course, knows that the govern-
ments of many Western European states, and also the USA, retain
points of view different from its own on the reasons which have led
to the present tension in Europe, just as in regard to the suitable
measures for lessening this tension in the relations among European
Nevertheless, despite this, it is indisputable that the situation in
Europe demands that the governments of the European countries
rise above the present disagreements. Polemics not reinforced with
real constructive steps, can of themselves neither stop the falling
bombs nor lessen the force of their explosions. It cannot be allowed
that disagreements disturb the sober contemplation of the facts which
-today fill Europeans with the feeling of deep alarm, and hide the
-most important thing-the necessity of earnestly and patiently seek-
:ing an agreement on concrete steps leading to the establishment of
lasting peace in Europe.
As is well known, in the period between the two world wars the
'plans of guaranteeing security in Europe and the organization of
general European cooperation suffered ruin above all because agree-
ment was not achieved among the leading states which had the most
powerful armed forces and whose united efforts would have made
-aggression impossible. In the opinion of the Soviet Government, it
'is necessary to study that period of history and not to repeat the
-serious errors of the past.
It is no longer necessary now to prove that the attempts to sub-
*stitute for the solution of the tasks facing Europe as a whole the
practice of founding on a narrow, closed basis different unions of
individual European states, like the coal and steel community, the
common market, EURATOM, and so on, lead only to a situation
in which these states more and more are opposed to the other states
of Europe, digging ever deeper the ditch dividing today the Western
part of Europe from the Eastern.
The idea of cooperation of all European states, their drawing to-
,gether in the interests of preserving the peace, of securing the well-
being and flourishing of Europe, has deep roots in history and in the
-present life of European peoples. In the East as well as in the West
-of our continent, the striving for the development of mutual under-
standing and all round intercourse among European states is becom-
ing stronger. The fact in particular that at the XII Session of the
UN all European states and the USA voted for the resolution on
peaceful and good neighborly relations among states testifies in par-
ticular to this.
The Soviet Government considers that the governments of Euro-
,pean states, and the Government of the United States, if they all wish
to stop the dangerous development of events in Europe, should make
-efforts toward working out on a regional basis general European deci-
sions, which in practice could be brought into existence at the present
stage and which could be acceptable for all governments. In this con-
nection it is introducing a proposal on concluding a treaty of friend-
-ship and cooperation by the European states and also by the United
* States.
In the view of the Soviet Government, in such a treaty it would be
advisable to include provisions directed toward warning and warding

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