Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Memorandum from the Federal Republic of Germany to the Soviet Union, on German reunification and European security, September 2, 1956, pp. 191-200 PDF (4.6 MB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY) 1944-59 that the question of the re-establishment of the national unity of a democratic Germany was and remained the main issue con- fronting the German people, an issue in the settlement of which every peace-loving people in the whole of Europe is interested. In its note of 15 August 1953, to the Governments of France, the United Kingdom, and the United States, in which it expressed the same conviction, the Soviet Government furthermore stated the following: No excuses whatsoever can justify any further delay in this matter, since, in the present circumstances, the Governments of France, Great Britain, the United States, and the U.S.S.R., bear the main responsibility for arriving at a solution. On no account must any measures be postponed which-and even if they be merely aimed at a gradual solution of the problem of the reunification of Germany-can promote the formation of an all-German Demo- cratic Government. The Federal Government is unable to perceive any reason which might cause the Soviet Government to change its views on the urgency of the problem of reunification. The Federal Government is, for its part, of the opinion that each one of the reasons which at the time con- vinced the Soviet Government of the urgency of the question con- tinues to exist at present-in fact, in greater measure. In its note of 10 March 1952, to the Governments of France, the United Kingdom, and the United States, the Soviet Government itself said it was abnor- mal that seven years had already elapsed since the cessation of hostili- ties without any peace treaty having been concluded with Germany. Meanwhile, this abnormality has now continued for eleven years. In its note of 9 April 1952, to the Governments of France, the United Kingdom, and the United States, the Soviet Government even men- tioned the fact that the continued partition of Germany entailed the danger of an outbreak of hostilities in Europe. The Federal Govern- ment shares the view expressed by the Soviet Government at that time that any continuation of the partition of Germany represents a serious international danger. Even though a certain improvement is happily apparent in the situation in comparison with the acute international tension which still existed in 1952, there can be no doubt that any pacification of Europe calls for a solution to the problem of German reunification and accordingly the removal of the dangers inherent in the partition of Germany. The Soviet Union has repeatedly stated that it is the honest intention of Soviet foreign policy to secure world peace and to bring about a lasting order in Europe offering all nations security, liberty, and prosperity. On the other hand, the un- necessary prolongation by the Soviet Government of the partition of Germany by its assertion, contrary to the views of an overwhelming majority of the other countries in the world, of the existence of two German States, seems to the Federal Republic incompatible with these intentions. 3) The Federal Government points out with satisfaction that, with regard to the legal situation, there is agreement: when the Four Powers assumed the governmental power on the cessation of hos- tilities, they undertook the obligation to maintain Germany as a whole. During the time that followed, they have repeatedly admitted this legal obligation and their moral responsibility for the reestab- .
This material may be protected by copyright law (e.g., Title 17, US Code).| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright