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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Joint communiqué on German question by Chancellor Adenauer and Secretary of State Dulles, June 13, 1956,   pp. 186-188 PDF (1.3 MB)

Page 187

Secretary of State Dulles and Chancellor Adenauer emphasized
German reunification as a major objective of the West and the con-
viction that the attitude of the 'West toward the Soviet Union should
be determined, by the endeavor to promote the reunification of Ger-
many in freedom.
In connection with developments within the Soviet Union, they ex-
changed views regarding the letters recently addressed to their re-
spective Governments by Chairman Bulganin transmitting the Soviet
Government's statement of May 14 regarding its armed forces. They
noted that other North Atlantic Governments had received similar
communications and. they agreed on the desirability of consultation
with their NATO partners regarding this development.
They noted that the Soviet Government has, professed a desire to
find a basis, for peaceful co-existence with the nations of the free world.
They agreed that one test. of the sincerity of this profession will be
the willingness of the Soviet Government to respect its international
obligations and to refrain from endeavoring to impose its system upon
other peoples. They recalled that at Geneva nearly a year ago the
heads of government of France, the United Kingdom, the USSR and
the United States recognized their common responsibility for the set-
tlement of the German question and the reunification of Germany, and
agreed that the reunification of Germany should take place by means
of free elections and should be carried out in conformity with the
national interest of the German people and the interest of European
security. The Chancellor and the Secretary of State considered that,
until the Soviet Government had taken action to discharge that re-
sponsibility and to put an end to the brutal and unnatural division
which it has imposed on Germany, it will be difficult to place credence
in promises and pledges of the Soviet Government.
The Chancellor and the Secretary of State reaffirmed the desire of
their governments to work out with the Soviet Union and with nations
of the North Atlantic area arrangements which would ensure European
security in conjunction with the reunification of Germany in freedom.
The Chancellor and the Secretary of State agreed on the importance
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which constitutes an
essential contribution. to the security of the free world. They agreed
on the need for strengthening and developing further the relationships
among the members of the North Atlantic Treaty and for harmonizing
their policies and actions with respect to major problems affecting the
treaty objectives. They pledged the support of their governments to
the work being carried on in this regard under the decision taken at
the recent meeting of the North Atlantic Council at Paris.
The Secretary of State informed the Chancellor of the satisfaction
with which the United States Government has learned of the recent
Franco-German agreement on the, Saar. He expressed also the in-
terest of the United States in the results of the Venice meeting regard-
ing new steps toward European integration and especially in the
prospects for the early negotiation and establishment of a European
organization with common authority and responsibility in the field of
nuclear energy. He indicated that the establishment of such a com-
mon organization w 'ould make possible a particularly close relation-
ship with the United States in this field. The, Secretary also expressed
the interest of the, United States in the creation of a European common

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