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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
(1959)

Statement at Geneva by Foreign Minister Molotov and revised Soviet draft treaty on security in Europe, October 31, 1955,   pp. 171-175 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 172

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59
Anthony Eden, Prime Minister of Great Britain. We also take into
account the proposals by the three powers submitted at this Meeting.
As to the group of states-parties to such a treaty on security in
Europe, we propose that it be comprised of the four powers-the
USSR, the USA, France and Great Britain, as well as all other
parties to both the Western European Union and the Warsaw Treaty,
including the German Federal Republic and the German Democratic
Republic.
The Soviet Government also agrees to having as participants in
the agreement other European states that wish to join it, such as
Yugoslavia and Denmark.
Naturally, the question arises as to the nature of the obligations
which might be assumed by the States-parties to the treaty on security
in Europe. In our opinion, the major obligations assumed by these
states should be the following:
a) To undertake not to use armed force against one another and
to settle any dispute that may arise among them by peaceful
means;
b) To render each other mutual assistance, including military
assistance, in case any of the parties to the treaty is subjected to
attack in Europe;
c) To hold mutual consultations of the parties to the treaty in
connection both with the obligations provided for in paragraph
"a" and the obligations provided for in paragraph "b".
d) To establish, by special agreement of the participants of the
treaty, a body (or bodies) for the purpose of holding the above-
mentioned consultations and also of taking such other steps as
may be found necessary in connection with the fulfillment by the
states of their undertakings under the present treaty.
In submitting this proposal the Soviet Government proceeds, of
course, from the premise that afterwards the existing treaties and
agreements (North Atlantic bloc, Western European Union, the War-
saw Treaty) shall become ineffective and the military groupings based
on them shall be liquidated. Nevertheless, the Soviet Government at
present does not propose in connection with the present proposal on
the treaty of security in Europe any concrete time limit for this treaty
and its replacement by the All-European Treaty. We find it possi-
ble to limit ourselves to a stipulation in the treaty that it remain in
force until it is replaced by another broader treaty on European
security which will provide for the replacement of the existing treaties
and agreements.
The Soviet Government proceeds also from the premise that the
conclusion of the treaty should not affect the obligations of the states
parties to it assumed by them under the existing treaties and agree-
ments, which point should be directly stipulated in the text of the
treaty.
The same should be said with regard to the right of the states to
individual and collective self-defence provided for in Article 51 of
the UN Charter in the event of an armed attack. This right should
not be prejudiced by the assumption by the states of the obligations
under the treaty on European security.
The Soviet Union when considering European security raises the
question not only of its own security and not only of the security of
states represented at this Meeting. In manifesting legitimate con-
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