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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Statement at Geneva by Secretary of State Dulles, on Germany and European security, October 28, 1955,   pp. 166-169 PDF (1.8 MB)

Page 167

DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59               167
I would like now to address myself to some of the observations
that were made by Mr. Molotov, and, in the first instance, to the
condemnation of what Mr. Molotov called "military blocs" but which
are in reality collective security associations.
I realize that there is a difference of opinion between our govern-
ments with reference to these matters, and probably it will not be
possible to resolve all those differences at this time, but I could not
pass without comment the condemnation of these collective defense
Why, indeed, should it be that nations should not join together to
help each other against what they consider to be a common danger, or
in pursuance of what they consider to be a sense of common destiny.
Individuals do that. It is considered the appropriate way to get
security. And the Charter of the United Nations, to which we have
all subscribed, defines that as an inherent right of nations.
Why should it be that something which we have all agreed, is an
inherent right of nations-that is, the right not only of an individual,
but the right of collective self-defense-why is it that that now comes
in for such bitter condemnation, when it is something which, I say,
we have all agreed is an inherent right.
It is suggested that these collective defense associations are a cause
of increased military expenditures, and in support of that these figures
are given showing that in the case of some of our countries our mili-
tary budgets went up very sharply between the year 1948 and the
year 1954. But it should not be forgotten that some things happened
during that period other than the formation of collective security asso-
ciations. There were the events which took place in Czechoslovakia;
there was the blockade of Berlin; there was the attack upon the Re-
public of Korea. Anyone who examines history realistically must see
that it was such events as these that led to the increase of military
budgets, and not the creation of collective security associations.
Indeed, I think it is demonstrable that the military budgets of each
of the Western Powers would have gone up much more sharply than
they did were it not for the fact that because of collective security we
thought that we could help each other out and, therefore, did not need,
in each individual nation, as large a military budget as would have
been felt necessary had we stood alone.
Mr. Molotov has said, and said with some reason, that security pacts
of themselves do not necessarily provide adequate security and I think
he put the question: How do we get security? Well, I think that the
way to get security is to try to end some of the injustices which prevail
in the world and which sometimes drive people into acts of violence
which otherwise they would not commit. One of those injustices and
one, the responsibility for which we here are charged with, is the coIn-
tinued division of Germany. Because it was recognized that that was
a dangerous situation, a wrong situation, a situation which created in-
security, we were charged here to deal with the two problems insepa-
rably or closely linked; that is, the problem of reunification of Ger-
many and European Security. It is stated in that order in the di-
And it is further said in the directive that the successful settlement
of each of these problems would serve the interests of consolidating

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