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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959: background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Western outline of terms of treaty of assurance on the reunification of Germany, October 27, 1955,   pp. 162-164 PDF (1.2 MB)

Page 163

1.-Renunciation of the Use of Force-
Each party would undertake to settle, by peaceful means, any inter-
national dispute in which it might be involved, and to refrain from
the use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the
United Nations.
2.-Withholding Support from aggressors-
Each party would agree to withhold assistance, military or economic,
to any aggressor, and any party could bring the aggression to the
attention of the United Nations, and seek such measures as are neces-
sary to maintain or to restore international peace and security.
3.-Limitation of Forces and Armamrnents-
In a zone comprising areas of comparable size and depth and im-
portance on both sides of the line of demarcation between a reunified
Germany and the Eastern European countries, levels for armed forces
would be specified so as to establish a military balance which would
contribute to European security and help to relieve the burden of
armaments. There would be appropriate provisions for the mainte-
nance of this balance. In parts of the zone which lie closest to the
line of demarcation, there might be special measures relating to the
disposition of military forces and installations.
4.-Inspection and Control-
The parties would provide information on an agreed progressive
basis on their armed forces in the zone. There would be agreement on
progressive procedures of mutual inspection to verify such data and
to warn against any preparation for surprise attack.
5.-Special Warning System-
In order to provide added depth to the surveillance system on both
sides and thus give further protection against surprise attack, provi-
sion could be made to establish:
a) in the western part of the zone mentioned in paragraph 3, a
radar warning system operated by the Soviet Union and the
other eastern members of the treaty, and
b) a like system in the eastern part of that zone operated by
the NATO members of the treaty.
There would be suitable provision for consultation among the par-
ties to implement the treaty.
7.-Individual and Collective ASelf-Defence-
It would be provided that nothing in the treaty would impair or
conflict with the right of individual and collective self-defence recog-
nised by the United Nations Charter and Treaties under it. No party
would continue to station forces in the territory of any other party
without the latter's consent, and upon request of the party concerned
any party would withdraw its forces within a stated period, unless
these forces are present in the territory concerned under collective
defence arrangements.
8.-Obligation to react against aggression-
Each party would agree that armed attack in Europe by any party,
which is also a NATO member, against any party which is not a

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