Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Western proposal on German reunification and European security, October 27, 1955, pp. 161-162 PDF (879.5 KB)
Western outline of terms of treaty of assurance on the reunification of Germany, October 27, 1955, pp. 162-164 PDF (1.2 MB)
1ti2 DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 and the United States of America are not prepared to enter into a system of European security which, as in the Soviet proposals put forward at Geneva, does not end the division of Germany. At the Geneva Conference the Soviet Government expressed concern about the policy and associations of a reunified German Government. The Soviet Union appears to fear that a unified Germany, established by free elections and free to choose its associates in collective defence, would constitute a threat to the security of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. The fact is that the North Atlantic Treaty Organ- isation and the Western European Union are strictly defensive organ- isations. Far from constituting a threat to peace, they contribute to the security not only of their members but of all states. This is evident from the various limitations and restrictions which the members of the Western European Union have assumed and from the restraint on individual action which the NATO system imposes on its members. If a reunified Germany elects to associate itself with these organisa- tions, the inherent obligations of restraint and control would enhance rather than detract from Soviet security. Nevertheless, to remove any possible grounds for Soviet refusal to reunify Germany promptly, France, the United Kingdom and the United States of America are prepared to take further steps to meet the concern expressed by the Soviet Government. They accordingly propose the conclusion of a treaty in the terms set forth below, con- currently with the conclusion of an agreement to reunify Germany under the Eden Plan. This treaty would comprise undertakings to refrain from the use of force and to withhold aid from an aggressor, provisions for the limitation and control of forces and armaments, and the obligation to react against aggression. The treaty would enter into force only in conjunction with the reunification of Germany. It would be carried out by stages. Its signature would be concurrent with the signature of the agreement on the Eden Plan. The final stage would become effective when a reunified Germany decides to enter NATO and the Western European Union. France, the United Kingdom and the United States of America are convinced that these proposals could lead to an agreement satisfactory to both sides. If the Soviet Union's concern over immediate German reunification is primarily security, these proposals should constitute an acceptable basis for negotiations since they provide a system of con- trols in which the Soviet Union would directly participate, and re- ciprocal assurances from which the Soviet Union would directly bene- fit. Such a settlement, by creating confidence in an area vital for world security, would facilitate the solution of even wider problems. Western Outline of Terms of Treaty of Assurance on the Reunification of Germany, October 27, 1955 1 The treaty, which would be concluded concurrently with an agree- ment on the reunification of Germany under the Eden Plan, would cover the following subjects: I Ibid., pp. 29-30.
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