Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Letter from Premier Bulganin to Chancellor Adenauer, September 13, 1955, pp. 155-156 PDF (871.8 KB)
Letter from Chancellor Adenauer to Premier Bulganin, stating certain reservations at the time of establishing diplomatic relations, September 13, 1955, p. 156 PDF (418.7 KB)
Treaty between the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic, September 20, 1955, pp. 156-157 PDF (861.1 KB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 and the German Federal Republic in the interests of peace and security in Europe. The Soviet Government is guided by the fact that the establish-, ment and development of normal relations between the Soviet Union and the German Federal Republic will contribute to the solution of; outstanding problems concerning the whole of Germany and will thus contribute also to the solution of the main common national problems of the German people-the establishment of a united democratic German state. I deem it necessary to state that the agreement of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and the German Federal Republic will enter into force from the moment of confirma- tion by the Presidium of the, Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. I ask you to accept my regards and assurances of my great esteem. Letter from Chancellor Adenauer to Premier Bulganin, Stating Certain Reservations at the Time of Establishing Diplomatic Relations, September 13, 1955 1 Mr. President, on the occasion of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Government of the Federal Republic and the Government of the USSR I state: 1. The establishment of the diplomatic relations between the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Gov- ernment of the USSR does not constitute a recognition of the present territorial status on both sides. The final delimitation of the German borders remains reserved to the Peace Treaty. 2. The establishment of diplomatic relations with the Govern- ment of the Soviet Union does not mean a revision of the legal point of view of the Federal Government regarding its powers to represent the Germany nation in international affairs and with respect to the political conditions in those German territories which are at present outside of its effective sovereignty. Treaty Between the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic, September 20, 1955 2 The President of the GDR and the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, guided by the desire for a development of close coopera- tion and for the further strengthening of the friendly relations be- tween the GDR and the USSR on the basis of equality, mutual respect of the sovereignty and noninterference in domestic affairs, in view of the new situation which has arisen owing to the coming into force of the Paris Agreements of 1954, convinced that the concerted efforts of the GDR and the Soviet Union to cooperate in the preservation and consolidation of peace and of security in Europe, and to restore the unity of Germany as a peace-loving and Democratic state, and to bring about a peace settlement with Germany in the form of a treaty, 1 Department of State files. For German text see Bulletin des Presse und Informations- amtes der Bundesregierung, Sonderausgabe, Bonn, September 20, 19155. 2 New York Times, September 21, 19,55. The treaty entered into force October 6, 19$55.
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