Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956
Soviet draft treaty on collective security in Europe, July 20, 1955, pp. 150-152 PDF (1.2 MB)
Soviet proposal: basic principles of the treaty between the existing groups of states in Europe, July 21, 1955, pp. 152-153 PDF (832.7 KB)
DOCUMENTS ON GERMANY, 1944-59 II. 12. The States-parties to the Treaty agree that during the first period (two or three years) of the implementation of measrles for the establishment of the system of collective security in Europe under the present Treaty they shall not be relieved of the obligations assumed by them under existing treaties and agreements. At the same time the States-parties to existing treaties and agree- ments which provide for military commitments shall refrain from the use of armed force and shall settle by peaceful means all the disputes that may arise between them. Consultations shall also take place between the parties to the corresponding treaties, and agreements in case any differences or disputes arise among them which might con- stitute a threat to the maintenance of peace in Europe. 13. Pending the conclusion of agreements on the reduction of arma- ments and the prohibition of atomic weapons and on the withdrawal of foreign troops from the territories of European countries, the States-parties to the Treaty undertake not to take any further steps to increase their armed forces on the territories of other European states under treaties and agreements concluded by them previously. 14. The States-parties to the Treaty agree that on the expiration of an agreed time-limit from the entry into force of the present Treaty, the Warsaw Treaty of May 14, 1955, the Paris Agreements of October 23, 1954, and the North Atlantic Treaty of April 4, 1949 shall become ineffective. 15. The duration of the Treaty >shall be 50 years. Soviet Proposal: Basic Principles of the Treaty Between the Existing Groups of States in Europe, July 21, 19551 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE TREATY BETWEEN THE EXISTING GROUPS OF STATES IN EUROPE Guided by the desire to strengthen peace and recognizing the neces- sity to contribute in every possible way to reducing international tension and establishing confidence in relations between states, The Governments of the Soviet Union, the United States of America, France and the United Kingdom have agreed that the conclusion of a treaty between the member states of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Western European Union on the one hand, and the parties to the Warsaw Treaty on the other, would be in the interest of the maintenance of peace in Europe. Such a treaty might be based on the following principles: 1. The member states of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and of the Paris Agreements, on the one hand, and the parties to the Warsaw Treaty, on the other, undertake to refrain from the use of armed force against one another. This undertaking shall not infringe upon the right of states to individual or collective self-defense in the event of an armed attack, as provided in Article 51 of the Charter. 1 Ibid., p. 54.
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