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Documents on Germany, 1944-1959 : background documents on Germany, 1944-1959, and a chronology of political developments affecting Berlin, 1945-1956

Soviet draft peace treaty with Germany, February 1, 1954,   pp. 117-119 PDF (1.1 MB)

Page 118

'would permit a final solution of the problems resulting from the
Second World War. The states of Europe, which suffered from
Hitler's aggresion, and especially Germany's neighbors, are vitally
interested in a solution of these problems. The conclusion of a peace
treaty with Germany would contribute to the improvement of the
international situation as a whole and thus facilitate the establishment
of lasting peace.
The need to expedite the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany
is dictated by the fact that the danger of the reestablishment of Ger-
man militarism, which twice unleashed a world war, has not been
removed owing to the fact that certain provisions of the Potsdam
conference have not yet been complied with. A peace treaty with
Germany should insure the elimination of the possibility of a rebirth
of German militarism and of German aggression.
I The conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany will create lasting
conditions of peace for the German people, will further the develop-
ment of Germany as a unified, independent, democratic, and peace-
loving State in accordance with the terms of the Potsdam provisions
and will afford the German people the possibility of peaceful coopera-
tion with other peoples.
I Accordingly, the Governments of the Soviet Union, of the U.S.A.,
of Great Britain, and of France have decided to start without delay
on the problem of working out a peace treaty with Germany.
I The Governments of the U.S.S.R., of the U.S.A., of Great Britain,
and of France consider that Germany, as represented by an all-German
government, should participate in the preparation of a peace treaty
and that a peace treaty with Germany should be based on the following
Great Britain, the U.S.S.R., the U.S.A., France, Poland, Czecho-
slovakia, Belgium, Holland and those other states whose armed forces
participated in the war against Germany.
1. Germany shall be restored as a unified State. Thus, the division
of Germany shall end and a unified Germany shall be given the oppor-
tunity to develop as an independent, democratic and peace-loving
2. All the armed forces of the Occupying Powers shall be withdrawn
from Germany, not later than 1 year after the date of the coming into
force of a peace treaty. All foreign military bases on the territory of
Germany shall be liquidated simultaneously.
3. Democratic rights shall be guaranteed to the German people,
so that all persons under German jurisdiction, without distinction as
to race, sex, language or religion, may enjoy human rights and basic
freedoms, including freedom of speech, press, religious creed, political
convictions, and assembly.
4. The unfettered activity of democratic parties and of organiza-
tions shall be insured and they shall be accorded the right freely to

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