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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of superintendents of schools,   pp. 647-708 PDF (30.2 MB)


Page 649

REPORTS OF SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS.                 649 
rennial approaches we can see his long Yankee form straighten up, the stubby
chin raised a little higher in the air, his fine, fatherly old face grows
still finer 
and nobler, the kindly eyes sparkle with the luster of yore. and even the
quaint 
old swallow-tail and striped pants set themselves with a jaunty air and acquire
a beauty that silk and velvet could never attain. 
If the preparations for our great anniversary were stopped to-day more per-
manent good has been accomplished than maii's wildest visions ever pictured.
In every heart in every part of our great land is awakened a new feeling.
Patriotism is born anew. and is here for all ages. The love of "home
and native 
land was never so stronit as now. A new study has been added to the curric-
ulum of our schools, and every district has its national flag. 
We have adopted this study into the regular course at the Herbert Welsh 
Institute. I want every Indian heart filled with the love of the flag. They
al- 
ready have patriotism in a selfish, narrow way. They will fight for the few
square miles of t,,rritory immediately around them, but while we are striving
to bring them to a realization of the fact that they are Americans, we are
try- 
ing also to instill the belief that the same flag that floats so airily from
the pole 
in the parade at old Fort Mojave is the same that floats from the dome of
the 
Capitol. We try to teach them the symbol of the flag. Every evening the bugle
is brought into play, the flag saluted by the pupils and hauled down amid
a chorus 
of ' Hurrah for our flag! We give our heads and our hearts to thee. Hurrah!
Hurrah for our flag!" This is an amusing and senseless ceremony to them
now, 
but the time will come when the seed thus planted will bear glorious fruit.
Public interest.-The feeling in the community regarding the school has mate-
rially changed. Failure is no longer predicted, success is acknowledged,
and 
with this acknowledgment come kind words and encouragement. 
I desire to thank you most earnestly for your very cordial support and en-
couragement. 
Very respectfully, 
S. M. MCCOWAN, 
'                Superintendent, 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
REPORT ON YAVA SUPAI INDIANS. 
FORT MOJAVE, ARIZ., June 25, 1892. 
SIR: In forwarding the report of John F. Gaddis, farmer among the Supai In-
dians, I have the honor to inclose one of my own. 
June 18 I started to inspect once more the condition of these Indians, as
well 
as to see what had been done by Mr. Gaddis as farmer. 
I considered the season of the year as especially favorable for a true, unbiased
statement of fhcts concerning the condition, resources, etc., of these Indians,
in- 
asmuch as the present year's crops are not matured, the last year's crops
should 
be almost gone, and if starvation ever stared them in the face it would most
likely be at this time. 
I have taken particular pains to make my report complete and accurate, so
that the Department would have on file a permanent answer to mistaken peti-
tioners, and I will vouch for every statement as being absolutely correct.
Present food supply.-I visited every camp in the village. Their food consisted
of corn (last year's), dried peaches, mescal, kesi, pine nuts, venison, ripe
apri- 
cots, and flour. These things I saw, some in one camp, some in another. The
corn, dried peaches, and pine nuts are stored away in holes in the rocky
caion 
walls, from 100 to 200 feet high. They have plenty to do them until harvest,
and some to sell. Mescal is inexhaustible all around their homes, and is
really 
a.very appetizing and strength-giving food. They have about twenty apricot
trees, the fruit of which is just ripening. Deer and antelope are very abundant.
Census.-I counted 150 Indians. Mr. Galdis has counted as high as189. There
may be 200 all tld, but I doubt it. There are about 40 children of school
age. 
H'ealth-I did not see a single case of sickness. I saw one child deformed
from his birth and one blind man. 
Prospective food supply-I personally examined every patch of ground they
had 
planted or cleared. It is difficult to get the exact number of acres from
so many 
small, irregular "patches," but I estimated it at 63 acres. The
crop consists of 
corn, beans, melons, pump~kins, potatoes (a few), and pease. Everything was
in 
excellent condition, and as they have an abundance of water there is no doubt


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