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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of supervisors of education,   pp. 619-646 PDF (13.1 MB)


Page 639

REPORTS OF SUPERVISORS OF EDUCATION.                      639 
children at the reservation schools, and exercise a motherly oversight of
them 
when visiting their homes. 
That the Department be asked to furnish all reservation schools with an en-
rollment of thirty children under the age of 8 years. the material required
for 
kindergarten instruction, and create the position of kindergarten teacher
for the 
school. 
Attendance.-Resolved, That it is the sense of this convention that an uncom-
promising, effective compulsory education law is absolutely necessary to
the 
satisfactory maintenance of attendance at reservation boarding schools. 
Resolved, That it is our unanimous conviction that through the proper means
such compulsory law can be effectually applied and enforced. 
Resolved, That in our judgment the means now existing on reservations and
already at the command of Indian agents are sufficient to accomplish the
end 
sought, viz, the manipulation of rations and annuities and the police force.
The committee on resolutions made the following report: 
Resolved, That the convention is in hearty cobperation with the honorable
Commissioner of 
Indian Affairs in his indefatigable efforts for the improvement of Indian
education and its 
entire harmony with the policy of the present Administration for the rapid
civilization of the 
Indian people. 
Resolved, That the convention express its appreciation of the untiring efforts
of Supervisor 
Richardson in beginning and bringing to complete success this the first general
meeting of 
the Indian school workers of the fourth district. 
.Resolved, That it is the sense of this convention that all grades of schools,
whether on or off the 
reservations, are integral parts of the present system of education, and
while it receives our 
hearty support, we welcome the day when this system shall blend into the
school system of 
the land. 
Resolved, That it would be for the best interests of the Indian school service
that the super- 
intendents of reservation boarding schools be allowed to assume complete
control of their 
schools at a time when they may furnish to the Department a satisfactory
bond for the proper 
discharge of their duties. 
This committee also made a recommendation relative to attendnce similar 
to the recommendation of the committee on attendance. It was agreed that
Indian agents had sufficient means at their command to enforce attendance,
if 
properly used. 
Before adjourning, on the recommendation of the committee on organization,
the convention effected a permanent organization and requested that the meet-
ings be held annually, if authority could be obtained. 
DETAILED COURSE OF STUDY. 
In order that the schoolroom work may be systematized and uniformity se-
cured, I have prepared a detailed course of study, based upon the curriculum
of 
the Government for Indian schools, and will soon ask the Indian Office for
its 
adoption. This will secure better results from teaching effort and aid very
ma- 
terially in securing regular promotions and transfers from the reservation
to 
the industrial training schools. 
The foregoing is a brief outline of what has b en done in this district the
past 
year in the way of supervision, and in part indicates that the work of a
super- 
visor can be made to contribute very materially to the advancement of the
in- 
terests-of Indian education. I deem it proper that some such statement should
be made, insomuch as certain distinguished churchmen have deemed it neces-
sary to unjustly pass severe criticism upon the honorable Commissioner of
Indian Affairs for appointing supervisors of education, and going so far
as to 
foolishly charge that these officials were spies of the Commissioner to work
detriment to certain contract schools. There was never a more unjust and
un- 
called-for accusation. The facts are, these crntract schools had never had
an 
inspection, properly, and it is from a sense of their inferiority that this
seeking 
to shut out expert investigation and supervision comes. 
These schools have received fair and impartial inspection and their actual
worth as an educational me'dium has been properly and fairly presented, and
no 
desire has ever been intimated that other than fair and honorable treatment
be 
extended all of these contrat schools. They are part of the Indian educational
system as now carried on by the Government, and they should stand or fall
on 
their own merit. The facts are, there will be needless contention so long
as the 
Government maintains this perilous system of uniting church and state, and
the 
sooner appropriations for this sectarian purpose are abolished the better
for 
the peace and harmony of the country. 


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