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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of supervisors of education,   pp. 619-646 PDF (13.1 MB)

Page 638

The convention was conducted under three departments for the day session,
viz, superintendents, teachers, and matrons. Each division discussed various
ics suggested from a programme previously prepared and published for the
casion. Two evening sessions were devoted to lectures by prominent gentlemen
in the service. The last evening session was held in the opera house, when
a large 
and appreciative audience listened to the presentation of a literary and
programme by the pupils of Haskell Institute, Chilocco training school, and
Reservation school. The object of the exercises was to indicate, in part,
was being done for these children in the schools in a literary way. The result
was highly gratifying to the friends of the cause, and many who were somewhat
skeptical on the subject of Indian education were convinced of its ultimate
cess as a medium of civilization. 
In addition to the work of the convention already indicated, there was an
hibit of industrial and schoolroom work that was a surprise to many who do
realize what is being done for these people through the instrumentality of
schools. The daily Arkansas City Traveler contained the following notice
this department, which I think indicates the sentiment of the public, relative
to the work which these children, with theemost degrading home environments,
are able to be taught. The article says: 
It was designed by this department of the convention of Indian school workers
to indicate to 
some extent the character of the work now being done by the pupils in the
schools. The dis- 
play was very gratifying to the friends of Indian education and converted
many "doubting 
Thomases" to the educational pelicy as the only way to civilize the
Indian and make him an 
intelligent citizen, contributing to the wealth of the country, instead of
remaining a ward of 
the nation and a menace to his neighbor. 
The exhibit was in two lines-articles from the shops and sewing-rooms and
a display of 
schoolroom work proper. Haskell Institute had a magnificent display, occupying
one large 
room with an exhibit of articles made in their shops and various departments.
Their display 
of school work consisted of maps, examination papers, drawings and the like,
and was very fine 
and greatly admired. Chilocco Institute also had a splendid exhibit, there
being a good display 
of work performed in every department of that ins~,tution. Ponca Reservation
school had an 
attractive exhibit in fancy work, which was very highly complimented. The
Mennonite con- 
tract school at Halstead, Kans., made a display of the more practical things
pertaining to 
household training, the exhibit being in the line of kitchen and dairy work;
samples of bread, 
butter, and the like were very fine. While much praise has been given the
teachers and super- 
in'tendents (and justly, too) assembled in this interesting convention, the
work of the pupils is 
none the less meritorious. William Pollock, a Pawnee boy, has several specimens
of his paint- 
ings here which show remarkable talent considering the limited instruction
that he has re- 
ceived in this art. A number of examination papers are exhibited which would
be a credit to 
any grammar department in our school on account of the excellent penmanship
and neat ap- 
pearance. Children of the primary department from Haskell Institute have
prepared original 
stories, bound in the form of booklets, that are certainly creditable to
the little ones. The little 
ones of six years of age, being too small to learn crocheting or difficult
needlework, have been 
taught to sew carpet rags, and the rag carpet on exhibition was sewed entirely
by them. The 
shoes on display from Chilocco were made mostly by boys who have only been
under Mr. 
Robinson's care a short time. Frank Purdy, after only three months' experience,
makes excel- 
lent shoes, as does also William Lone Wolf, a Kiowa boy. The suit of ladies'
which was so greatly admired was made entirely by Anna Smith, an Iowa girl.
In fact every 
branch of industry deserves special mention. 
Various committees were appointed at the first session of the convention,
their reports indicate the sentiment of the body; and as the gathering was
posed of over a hundred of active Indian school workers, the result of their
thoughtful deliberation, touching the various interests of Indian education,
seems to me, would be proper to record in this report. The resolutions and
recommendations of these committees, contain the "conclusion,"
so to speak, of 
their deliberations, and they are as follows: 
Gradation and promotion.-Recommend that a committee of five be appointed
prepare questions for examination for promotion in all the schools in the
district, the examinations to be given semiannually by the principal teacher,
under direction of the superintendent. 
Recommend that no promotions be made to industrial training schools until
the fourth primary grade work has been completed, and at the completion of
primary course pupils be reported to the district supervisor for promotion
industrial training schools. 
Reservation boarding schools.-Recommend that, as the reservation boarding
schools have the burden and the honor of the education of a large majority
Indian children, and as these schools are the greatest medium for the introduc-
tion of education and civilization into the Indian communities, it is suggested
that these schools be given as complete an organization and equipment as
That the recommerdation of Special Agent Mrs.. Daniel Dorchester in regard
to the appointment of field matron be indorsed, with this amendment, that
field matron be attached to the reservation school force, with the additional
duty of cotperating with the~.uprintendents, in reference to the attendance

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