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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of supervisors of education,   pp. 619-646 PDF (13.1 MB)


Page 630

630         REPORTS OF SUPERVISORS OF EDUCATION. 
been no neglect in that. Some instruction has been given in wood shopwork,
but most of the instruction had been devoted to stock, of which they have
an ex- 
tensive herd. The schoolroom and industrial work at the girls' building was
of a sup3rior character throughout. The sewing-room work and art work were
surprisingly good. Special attention has been paid to dairying. The school
has 
gained an excellent start, and is doing good work. 
GOVERNME11T NONRESERVATION SCHOOLS. 
Pierre Industrial.-Located I mile from the city of Pierre is a comparatively
new school, this being their second year of school. All of the principal
build- 
ings are of brick, and 180 pupils can be accommodated easily. Like most new
schools it has had many things to contend with, but last year it was prosperous
and got fairly started. Unfortunately the school had to be dismissed in June
on account of lack of funds. The plant is quite complete as far as schoolrooms
and dormitories go; but it is now in need of shops, for, from its location,
it can 
not become largely agricultural or stock-growing. Two hundred acres belong
to the school. but 160 acres are 5 miles from the school. It is high and
dry 
prairie and too far away either for pasturing or tillage. I think it should
be traded 
for something nearer the school. On a limited scale a shoe and carpenter
shop 
have been maintained. They both should be enlarged and made successful. 
Except for this lack the outbuildings are quite complete. The facilities
for in- 
dustrial work for the girls are good and they have been well improved. A
good 
system of steam heating and waterworks adds greatly to the comfort and con-
venience of the school. 
Grant Institue, Genoa, Nebr.- This fine school is located in eastern Nebraska,
about 
50 miles from Omaha or Sioux City, in a westerly direction. The whole plant
has been greatly enlarged during the past year, and now has a capacity of
about 
500. The school is so well known, and has been reported upon so often, that
I 
shall make brief report of it. It has a strong and competent corps of teachers
and employes, and is a rival to the best schools of the kind in the country.
The 
schoolroom work is good. 
As an industrial-school it has been a great success. Their 320 acres of land
are as good as any in the country, and afford the boys a good opportunity
to learn 
practical agriculture. Last year most of the farm work was done by the boys,
and the productions amounted to over $21,000. Brooms to the value of over
$6,000 were made from the broom corn raised last year. Harnesses to the value
of $6,000 were made almost wholly by the boys. Beside the broom factory and
harness shop, they have a tailor shop, where all the mending, repairing,
and 
manufacturing of clothing is done by boys. The cutting and fitting for the
whole 
school is done by them. Nearly all the shoes for the entire school are made
in 
the shoe shop. The "Pipe of Peace" is published weekly by the boys.
It has 
a circulation of about 1,000, at 10 cents per year. They have good carpenter,
paint, blacksmith, and wagon shops. It will be seen the boys have a good
chance 
for choice of trades. The girls are as well provided for in the sewing room,
bakery, laundry, and cook room. 
A good system of military training and a really excellent band add greatly
to 
the interest and efficiency of the school. Church and Sabbath school services
are sustained at the school. 
CONCLUSION. 
In conclusion- 
First. I say that nonreservation schools are being established in advance
of 
their needs. For some years the main reliance must be upon the reservation
boarding school. If the nonreservation school is to be the advanced school
in the 
service, time should be given the reservation to do its work in grading.
At 
present both schools are doing much the same work. 
Second. Attendance in school should be obligatory upon all reservations.
Because an Indian becomes a citizen he should not be freed from the necessity
of educating his children any more than a white man should. In some cases
Indian children are entering the common schools and doing well, but the condi-
tions are rare in which that can be done at present. During the next twenty
years the education of the Indian youth should be so pushed that the necessity
for the maintenance of separate schools would cease. 
Respectfully submitted. 
0. II. PARKER., 
Supervisor,.District 1No. 2, indian .Education. 
The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 


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