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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Reports of supervisors of education,   pp. 619-646 PDF (13.1 MB)


Page 629

REPORTS OF SUPERVISORS OF EDUCATION.                 629 
St. Elizabeth's school is owned by the Episcopal Society, who employ teachers
and other employes. but the Government furnishes rations and clothing. The
buildings are new and very nice. They have a capacity for about 50. The school
is in its second year and has made a good start in all except industrial
work out- 
doors. The school and industrial work inside was very satisfactory. 
Agency and agricultural boarding schools.-Only one reservation school excels
these two schools in this district. The agency school exc 1s the agricultural
school somewhat in the schoolroom, but the agricultural excels the agency
in in- 
dustries. Both schools need another teacher. A]ch school has an enrollment
of 
over 1-0. The schoolroom work in either school compares favorably with many
graded white schools. At the agency school special attention is paid to indus-
trial work for girls and instrumental and vocal music. At the agricultural,
where the bays predominate in numbers, special attention is paid to industrial
work for boys, mostly agricultural. They have a fine young band of 18 pieces,
which adds greatly to the interest of the school. 
The schools, missionaries, and good management of the agent are doing rap-
idly the work of civilization upon this reservation. I saw no blanket Indians
upon this reservation. They are raising stock and considerable grain. They
live in good houses with floors. They have cook stoves, furniture, pictures
upon 
the walls, and sometimes sewing machines, bought by the Indians themselves.
No 
polygamy allowed. The general school work is the best of any I have seen.
Shoshone.-This has be -n a neglected corner in the educational field. My
visit 
was the first and only one since 1887. About 900 Arapahoes and about the
same 
number of Shoshones are upon this reservation. They are a rather wild lot
in 
some respects. The Arapahoes are called immoral, but they are willing to
put 
their children in school. The Shoshones are not considered immoral, but they
are unwilling to put their children in school. As a consequence, most of
the 
children in school are Arapahoes and only about 20 Shoshones are in any school.
There are 575 children of school age upon the reservation and less than 200
in 
any school. The Government school at the agency has a present enrollment
of 
83. The Catholic school, St. Steven's, at the mouth of the Little Wind River,
has had about 70. The Indians have not yet realized that a steady attendance
is necessary, and they are accustomed to take their children from school
quite 
often. 
The old Government buildings are adobe, and are unfit for school purposes.
In 
past years the school has not made great progress. New buildings are in proc-
ess of erection which will accommodate 150 pupils. This will be the finest
lot 
of buildings in the district. When these are completed the school will start
on 
an era-of prosperity. 
The St. Steven's school has not been a great success as yet, but they have
a fine 
brick building and another one will soon be built. 
There are plenty of children here to fill both schools. A firmer policy will
be 
inaugurated another year, and the authorities will run the schools. Both
schools 
have fine farms which produce well. They both have good irrigating ditches.
Unless additional school facilities arie furnished most of the Shoshones
will stay 
out of school, as there seems to be nearly enough Arapahoes to fill both
schools, 
and I think that most of the children of both schools will be from that tribe.
There needs to be still more school accommodations here. The old adobe build-
ing is unsafe to live in. They have had one epidemic of diphtheria, and at
the 
time of writing this report have another. 
NEW NONRESERVATION SCHOOLS. 
One with a capacity of 150 is in process of erection at Flandreau, S. Dak.
It 
will be ready for occupation some time during the coming year. 
The military reservation at Fort Shaw, Mont., having been turned over to
the 
Indian office for school purposes, a school is to be started there September
1, 
1892. 
NONRESERVATION CONTRACT SCHOOL. 
The St. Peter (Catholic) is located near the center of Montana. No Govern-
ment officer had ever visited the school before me. The school is accommo-
dated in two stone buildings, which are capacious enough for 300 pupils.
Both 
buildings together are reported to have cost over $62,000. The boys' dormitory
was builttwo years ago of rough stone. The girls' building isa beauty, built
of 
hewn stone. I found in attendance 101 boys and 102 girls. There had been
much sickness among the boys' teachers, and their schoolroom work could not
be shown off to good advantage, but enough was shown to show that there had
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