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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1892
61st ([1892])

Report of superintendent of Indian schools,   pp. 526-599 PDF (34.5 MB)

Page 526

IN THE FIELD, August 16, 1892. 
Si: I have the honor to submit herewith my fourth annual report. 
As in previous years, I have followed out the wishes of the Office 
by continuing in the field, inspecting the schools at remote points. On 
my present tour, since February 15, I have visited Fort Yuma, Cal., 
Pima, Phoenix, Colorado River, Fort Mojave, Williams (the nearest 
point to the Supai in the winter), the Moqni and Fort Defince, in 
Arizona; and the three boarding schools in Santa F6, one at Bernalillo, 
and one at Albuquerque, the Mescalero and Jicarilla Apaches, and 
(ig iteen of the nineteen Pueblos, in New Mexico. 
As in my previous reports, and in accordance with instructions from 
the Department, in addition to inspecting the schools, the school force,
etc., I have studied the environments, the moral and social condition 
of the agencies, the indications of progress among the Indian tribes, 
the evils militating against their advancement in civilization, and what
can be done to promote their welfare. 
Early in April, I received the following letter of specific instructions
from your office: 
WASHINGTON, March 31, 1892. 
SIR: + * * I write to ask that you will make a critical, comprehensive, and,
so far as practicable, exhaustive study of the situation in New Mexico among
Pueblo Indians, something after the manner of your investigations among the
Dakota Sioux. 
I inclose for your information a tabular statement. * * * After you have
a stuly of the situation, I would be glad to have you submit to me, along
with the 
specific facts upon which you base your conclusions, your generalizations
on the fol- 
lowing points among others: 
First. The general condition-moral, intellectual, economic, social, and political-
of the Indians. 
Second. The present facilities for education. 
Third. Recommendations as to the immediate future. 
(a) How can their present schools be improved? 
(b) Should there be any new schools established? If so, where ? 
(c) How can the attendance be increased? 
(d) What hindrances are there in the way of the successful progress of the
ernment schools? 
(e) Is it desirable to place any considerable number of these Pueblo Indians
schools outside of the Territoryl If so, where? 
Fourth. Of course I should be glad for you to submit dtetailed reports in
to each of the schools, Government and contract, which you visit; and I think
would be best to make those reports first, and then, as a summary of your
tions, make the report to which I have referred above. 
In your report upon the individual boarding schools, I would be glad to have
views, particularly with reference to the present facilities for industrial
training, and 
suggestions from you as to any improvement, either in kind, number, or quality
the industrial education. 
I regard the present condition of the New Mexico Indians as )articularly

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