United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1892
Reports of agents in Wisconsin, pp. 512-521 PDF (4.7 MB)
512 REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WISCONSIN. REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WISCONSIN. REPORT OF GREEN BAY AGENCY. GREEN BAY AGENCY, Keshena, Wis., August 31, 1892. SIR: In obedience to instructions and official regulations, the following report of affairs and occurrences at this agency for the year ending June 30, 1892, is resyectfully submitted: Location.-The Oneida Reservation, containing 65,540 acres, situated between the counties of Brown and Outagamie; the Menomonee Reservation, consisting of 10 townships of land (3 of which are in Oconto County and 7 in Shawano County); and the Stockbridge Reservation, containing 18 sections of land ad- joining the Menomonee Res ervation in Shawano County, form the territory con- stituting the Green Bay Agency. The agency office is at Keshena, 8 miles from the railway station in Shawano. Oneida Indians.-Allotments of land in severalty to Oneida Indians were prac- tically completed when I took charge of the agency a little more than two years ago, but the announcement of official approval has not yet been made. The Oneidas are well advanced in civilization, many of them possessing good farms and buildings, using improved machinery, and having comfortable surround- ings and appliances in their homes equal to their white neighbbrs off the res- ervation. Some members of this tribe are also very poor, living precariously in badly conditioned cabins, with little hope of improvement. A large number of children have been taken from this reservation to different Government training schools, more than 300 having been in such schools during the past year. Upon this reservation, on land set apart for a school farm, two brick buildings are in process of construction for use as a Government school, with the expectation that such school will be opened for pupils this fall. Six day schools are maintained by the Government. Upon this reservation there are three church buildings: A large stone edifice erected a number of years ago by Episcopalians, a new and large edifice of wood, nearly complete, by the Methodist denomination, and a smaller one by Roman Catholics. The Stockbridge Indians had land allotted to them in severalty in 1874, which al- lotments seem never to have been perfected to the extent of placing each allot- tee in possession of his own allotment. Conflicting claims under treaties and acts of Congress appear to have kept these people in a state of unrest for quite a number of years, and little progress is visible in the development of farms. There is no church upon this reservation, but religious services have been held a large portion of the time in their schoolhouse, conducted chiefly by Congregational missionaries. A school is maintained at an annual expense for a teacher of $500 from the annuity of the tribe. In my opinion these people are as nearly civilized as they are likely to become in another score of years-with present surroundings, and as well qualified to take care of themselves as they will be if their land is deeded to them in fee simple. Menomonee Indians.-Upon the Menomonee Reservation there are no schools other than the Government boarding school, with a capacity for accommodating 150 pupils, and the Catholic contract school, with accommodations for about the same number of children. One new building, 40 by 72 feet, two stories high besides the basement, has been completed during the past year, adding largely to the convenience as well as increase of accommodations at the Government school. Also, an addition of 36 feet to the main building for larger laundry, bathroom, and room for baking oven, are valuable improvements. The main Government school building has for two winters been warmed by steam, proving much more satisfactory than the former method by use of stoves. The new building was designed for steam heat- ing, but apparatus has not been ordered. In connection with these buildings there are three wells; one of them for a wind motor, pumping water to a 75-barrel tank over the laundry ; another is for a power pump with hose, as a protection in case of fire. There has also been erected a good building, 40 by 60 feet, two stories, and warmed by steam, for use as a hospital for the sick among Menomonee Indians, which proves very satisfactory in all respects. The Menomonees have a good roller process fiouring mill, at which flour is manufactured for school and agency use as well as grist o'rinding for member.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright