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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884
([1884])

Report of Forest Grove school,   pp. 202-207 PDF (2.7 MB)


Page 203

REPORT OF FOREST GROVE SCHOOL.                       203 
hand the father in expectation of meeting his son, who he fondly hoped was
now 
almost like a white man, and not wanting his boy to feel ashamed of his old
Indian 
father, had cut off his own long hair and bonght himself a new suit of clothes,
and his 
appearance, too, was changed almost as much as that of the boy's; only the
hole in 
his nose and the holes in his ears told of old superstitions and barbarous
habits. 
All else spoke of an awakening to a realization of nobler aims and better
purposes. 
The following from the Tribune, a paper published in Pendleton, Oreg., shows
that 
no one more than the white people adjoining an Indian reservation notice
the im- 
provement in the children. 
The Indian boys who came up from the Forest Grove training school a few days
ago for the purpose 
of building a church on the Indian reservation are getting on nicely with
their work. * * * The 
building is to be 20 by 40, was planned by the boys, and they are doing the
work without any assist- 
ance and are doing it well. The manner in which they go about their work
and in the handling of 
tools show that they have had careful training, and would convince those,
no matter how strongly 
prejudiced they may be against the education and training of the Indian,
that the trainipg school at 
Forest Grove is an institution that should be kept up. 
We have now in the school 100 pupils that have been here but little more
than one 
year. The improvement they have made is remarkable; but what is more encouraging
to us is to notice equally marked improvement during the same length of time
in 
those who have been here four years. They seem to 'grow in their appreciation
of 
civilization and to have developed a faith in their own powers and to have
had aroused 
in them an ambition to take a hand in the active life of this age that seems
to trans- 
form their whole being. The stolidity and unimpressibility of the Indian
character 
seems to have been shaken off, and their very faces seem to look different.
About one third of the positions of regular employgs have been filled in
this school 
during the past year by Indians, and they have given good satisfaction. All
of the 
agencies from which children were sent to this school when it was first organized
have now one or more employgs who have attended this school, and we have
had nu- 
merous and urgent applications for persons to fill other places-more than
we could 
supply, from the fact that we had not a sufficient number of pupils old enough
to 
assume so much responsibility. Several persons formerly pupils of this school
have 
been elected to office by the Indians since they have returned to their homes;
two 
have been elected chiefs. I have informed myself in regard to the history
of 27 pupils 
who have left this sceool, having remained for three years in the school
and having 
now been at home one year, and find that 10 have been engaged in farming,
5 have 
been employed in agency schools, 5 have been engaged in lumbering on Puget
Sound, 
2 have worked at the shoemaking trade, 1 at carpentering; 1 has been an interpreter,
1 a clerk in a store, and 2 had no regular employment, being young boys.
All had re- 
tained their civilized habits, and nearly all had worked continuously. 
During the past year the following new industries have been added to those
pre- 
viously taught in the school: Harness-making, printing, coopering, tinsmithing,
and 
a boys' laundry. All are not yet fully equipped, on account of lack of shop
room. 
Formerly the laundrying for the whole school was done by the girls and a
Chinaman. 
The Chinaman struck for higher wayes and an Indian boy was put in his place,
and 
it was found that he did equally well; since which time the number of boys
in the 
boys' laundry has been increased to five, and they now do about two-thirds
of the 
washing for the whole school. 
A printing office on a small scale has been furnished by the boys and girls,
and a 
small paper, The Indian Citizen, is edited and published by two of the Indian
boys. 
Its circulation among the Indians on the coast and among others who are interested
in the subject of Indian education is quite extensive, and is steadily increasing.
Every department of the school is insufficiently equipped. The farmer has
no farm, 
the shoe shop is too small, as is also the carpenter shop, and there are
no other shops, 
except as we hire or borrow. There are only two school-rooms for 200 children.
The 
dining-room and dormitories are crowded, but notwithstanding all disadvantages
the 
school has accomplished much more during the past year than ever before,
as will be 
seen by comparing the various reports below with those of last year. 
FARMER'S REPORT. 
I have the honor to submit the following report of the laud farmed and produce
rai4ed at this school. Cultivated 156 acres and raised: 
30 tons hay..........................................................300
00 
100 tons straw-------------------------------------------------......  300
00 
1,000 bushels potatoes----------------------------------------------400..
 S 00 
100 bushels peas ........................................................
'000 
50 bushels radishes. ......................................            250
00 
50 bushels beans-------------------------------------...................-0
00 
500 bushels turnips...........................................         10.
0 
3,000 bushels carrots ..................................................
600 00 


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