United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884
Reports of agents in Utah, pp. 155-158 PDF (1.7 MB)
157 REPORTS OF AGENTS IN UTAH. tributing all among the Indians. This purchase could be made with funds, "removal and support of confederated bands of Utes," of which there is a balance to the credit of these Indians. They take excellent care of the cattle they have. I have never known them to kill their cows or young stock except in extreme cases. I have i,,i- pressed upon them in council and personally the utter uselessness of their ponies and the great profit in raising cattle. I believe they only need to be started. SCHOOL. The agency boarding school did not open till the 19th of November. It was main- tained till the last of June with an average attendance of 19 pupils- The employ6s consisted of a teacher, matron, and cook. The cost of each pupil, including salaries of teachers, hasbeen $108.83. The expense of the school has been entirely sustained by the Department. The pupils made gratifying progress during the short time school was in session. They had regular hours for work. The boys in the autumn and winter cut all the wood for the school-room and kitchen and in the spring they were taught gardening. The girls were taught sewing, washing, cooking, and gen- eral housework. I regret that no industrial shops are connected with the school. I do not exuect to make scholars out of these children, but I do hope to teach them habits of industry and carefulness. They possess bright minds, but the new pupils are not able to speak a word of English and being constantly thrown in contact with their home associates they naturally acquire it slowly. Great results can be reached only by sending the Indian youth to Eastern industrial schools, where they will be entirely free from tribal relations. DRUNKENNESS. We have been greatly annoyed during the year by drunken Indians. I first adopted the plan of putting the drunken Indians in jail. This was not a permanent relief. The latter part of May I employed two Indian detectives who succeeded in obtaining evidence against a white man of Ashley, Utah. He was arrested, but being able to secure bonds was let loose, and began immediately to sell whisky again. He was again arrested the latter part of June and taken to jail at Salt Lake City forthe action of the grand jury in September. Since that time I have not seen an intoxicated In- dian. The Indians will all drink if they can get whisky. In a drunken row in June one of our policemen was shot and killed, and another Indian severely wounded. On several different occasions Indians have been fined for drunkenness and disturbing the peace. POLICE FORCE. Our police force numbers 7in all-i officer and 6 sergeants and privates. They are not as efficient as I could wish. The salary is so inconsiderable that it is not pos- sible to secure the best men. Their intentions are good ; they will do anything if told, but they are not aggressive. LAND IN SEVERALTY. In several of my monthly reports during the year I have given my views upon the question of having the arable land of the reservation sectioned and surveyed and al- lotted to the Indians. The question of boundary lines between Indian farms is con- stantly arising. This matter cannot be satisfactorily adjusted till the land is defined by metes and bounds in actual survey. The natural jealousy between these two tribes of Indians aggravates the matter. When the White River Utes were brought to this reservation three years ago the Uintahs occupied all the best lands either for farms or pasturage. Believing theirs a prior right they were reluctant to yield to the White Rivers. If the lands were surveyed we would feel justified in confining each Indian to his treaty rights, and not allow him to roam over four or five times as much as he can properly care for. If lands were allotted to the Indians with the assurance that they would be the rightful owners after a period of years, they would be stimulated to make improvements, build houses and barns, fences and ditches. I do not pretend to say that the majority of these Indians are far enough advanced to receive land in / severalty, but some of them are. Such a measure will be a practical solution of many difficulties. It is an inevitable consequence, and the sooner the good work is begun the better. The Indians will gradually avail themselves of the opportunity of acquir- ing titles to their land. FREIGHTING. These Indians hauled with their own teams 87,201 pounds of Government supplies from the railroad terminus at Park City to the agency. The distance is about 150 miles. For this work they were paid $'2,180.02.
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