University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884
([1884])

Reports of agents in Utah,   pp. 155-158 PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 157

157 
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN UTAH. 
tributing all among the Indians. This purchase could be made with funds,
"removal 
and support of confederated bands of Utes," of which there is a balance
to the credit 
of these Indians. They take excellent care of the cattle they have. I have
never 
known them to kill their cows or young stock except in extreme cases. I have
i,,i- 
pressed upon them in council and personally the utter uselessness of their
ponies and 
the great profit in raising cattle. I believe they only need to be started.
SCHOOL. 
The agency boarding school did not open till the 19th of November. It was
main- 
tained till the last of June with an average attendance of 19 pupils- The
employ6s 
consisted of a teacher, matron, and cook. The cost of each pupil, including
salaries of 
teachers, hasbeen $108.83. The expense of the school has been entirely sustained
by 
the Department. The pupils made gratifying progress during the short time
school 
was in session. They had regular hours for work. The boys in the autumn and
winter cut all the wood for the school-room and kitchen and in the spring
they 
were taught gardening. The girls were taught sewing, washing, cooking, and
gen- 
eral housework. I regret that no industrial shops are connected with the
school. I 
do not exuect to make scholars out of these children, but I do hope to teach
them 
habits of industry and carefulness. They possess bright minds, but the new
pupils 
are not able to speak a word of English and being constantly thrown in contact
with 
their home associates they naturally acquire it slowly. Great results can
be reached 
only by sending the Indian youth to Eastern industrial schools, where they
will be 
entirely free from tribal relations. 
DRUNKENNESS. 
We have been greatly annoyed during the year by drunken Indians. I first
adopted 
the plan of putting the drunken Indians in jail. This was not a permanent
relief. 
The latter part of May I employed two Indian detectives who succeeded in
obtaining 
evidence against a white man of Ashley, Utah. He was arrested, but being
able to 
secure bonds was let loose, and began immediately to sell whisky again. He
was 
again arrested the latter part of June and taken to jail at Salt Lake City
forthe action 
of the grand jury in September. Since that time I have not seen an intoxicated
In- 
dian. The Indians will all drink if they can get whisky. In a drunken row
in June 
one of our policemen was shot and killed, and another Indian severely wounded.
On 
several different occasions Indians have been fined for drunkenness and disturbing
the 
peace.                        POLICE FORCE. 
Our police force numbers 7in all-i officer and 6 sergeants and privates.
They 
are not as efficient as I could wish. The salary is so inconsiderable that
it is not pos- 
sible to secure the best men. Their intentions are good ; they will do anything
if 
told, but they are not aggressive. 
LAND IN SEVERALTY. 
In several of my monthly reports during the year I have given my views upon
the 
question of having the arable land of the reservation sectioned and surveyed
and al- 
lotted to the Indians. The question of boundary lines between Indian farms
is con- 
stantly arising. This matter cannot be satisfactorily adjusted till the land
is defined 
by metes and bounds in actual survey. The natural jealousy between these
two tribes 
of Indians aggravates the matter. When the White River Utes were brought
to this 
reservation three years ago the Uintahs occupied all the best lands either
for farms or 
pasturage. Believing theirs a prior right they were reluctant to yield to
the White 
Rivers. If the lands were surveyed we would feel justified in confining each
Indian 
to his treaty rights, and not allow him to roam over four or five times as
much as he 
can properly care for. If lands were allotted to the Indians with the assurance
that 
they would be the rightful owners after a period of years, they would be
stimulated 
to make improvements, build houses and barns, fences and ditches. I do not
pretend 
to say that the majority of these Indians are far enough advanced to receive
land in / 
severalty, but some of them are. Such a measure will be a practical solution
of many 
difficulties. It is an inevitable consequence, and the sooner the good work
is begun 
the better. The Indians will gradually avail themselves of the opportunity
of acquir- 
ing titles to their land. 
FREIGHTING. 
These Indians hauled with their own teams 87,201 pounds of Government supplies
from the railroad terminus at Park City to the agency. The distance is about
150 
miles. For this work they were paid $'2,180.02. 


Go up to Top of Page