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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884
([1884])

Report of agent in Kansas,   pp. 101-102 PDF (990.2 KB)


Page 102

102                 REPORT OF AGENT IN        KANSAS. 
their school. The statistics attached show a.large increase in the number
of cattle over 
last year's for Pottawatomie Indians. This feature should be as strongly
encouraged 
as possible, as they, also the Kickapoos and lowas and Fox Indiaas, have
resources for 
cattle-raising that cannot be surpassed. 
These Indians have a great many ponies, particularly the Pottawatomies, who
shipped the past. year six car-loads, receiving therefor double compensation,
for their 
expense and trouble in raising them. 
The Pottawatomie Indians have a fine tract of land of 77,357 acres; they
have more 
land than they require for their use from the fact that a portion of this
band number- 
ing about 280 persons reside in Wisconsin and Iowa. These Indians therefore
leased 
to T. J. Anderson Company last March a tract for grazing purposes, comprised
of the 
northeast corner of the reserve, containing about 20,000 acres, for a period
of ten years, 
to receive a rental of $3,000 per annum, to be paid them semi-annually as
per capita. 
The Kickapoos and Pottawatomies particularly are entirely satisfied with
their pre- 
sent location, and declare an intention to establish permanent homes, but
the Jowas 
and Sac and Fox of the Missouri Indians have agitated for two years and over
the 
subject of removal to the Indian Territory; also tho Chippewa and Christian
Indians 
have for the past year discussed the same subject. It would, I think, be
an advantage 
to the Chippewa and Christian tribe to remove to the Indian Territory. They
are 
very quarrelsome and dissipated. Living in a thickly settled country, they
are con- 
stantly in contact with a class of people that is to their disadvantage.
They hold 
their lands by allotment, and many complications are arising out of land
sales made 
by them, which in many cases require investigations, and there is generally
a great 
amount of annoyances connected therewith. 
This unsettledness with the tribes above mentioned in regard to removal has
to 
some extent impeded their progress in agriculture; but they have attended
to their 
farming with surprising interest. The lowas have broken more prairie, and
the Sac 
and Fox of Missouri have done more fencing, making pastures, than in any
one season 
before. The Iowa Indians, with the exception of the use of intoxicating drink,
are 
unusually thriving, energetic, industrious Indians, all living in houses,
many having 
50 to 250 acres under cultivation, no patches cultivated by that tribe; they
seem to 
me to be competent to take care of their own affairs. The Sac and Fox of
Missouri In- 
dians are not so far advanced as the Jowas, having smaller farms, poorer
houses, and 
showing less energy. 
The night following the semi-annual payment made June 27, 1884, to Sac and
Fox 
of Missouri tribe, their head chief, Ko-sho-way, was murdered and his body
thrown 
into the Nemaha River. I have succeeded in arresting the parties who were
impli- 
cated in the crime, and hope to punish them in accordance with the law. 
RELIGIOUS DANCES. 
There has been introduced into the Pottawatomie tribe in the past year a
system 
of worship which consists principally of dancing and exulting, though, like
all semi- 
civilized nations, clouded in superstition. Apart from the superstilion and
consump- 
tion of time spent in those dances the moral tendency is very good, as the
teaching is 
in accordance with the Tea Commandments. They object to sacrament by use
of in- 
t)xicating drink, and denounce gamubling and horse-racing. This religion
was intro- 
duced by the Chippewas of Wisconsin. 
EDUCATION. 
We have three industrial boarding-schools in operation. Education should
be 
compulsory. Many Indians are too indifferent to the interests of their children
to 
send them to school. Industries ahould be made the strong features of these
schools. 
The Pottawatomie and Great Nemaha school closed June 30, for two months'
vacation, 
opening the 1st of September. The progress made the past year has been very
satis- 
factory, but the attendance has not comprised all the pupils that should
attend school. 
The Iowa and Sac and Fox of Missouri school was supported by all or nearly
all the 
pupils of school age, but the Pottawatomie school had in attendance about
(,ne-half of 
the pupils of the Pottawatomie tribe of school age. The principal reason
was that the 
boarding-house at the school will not accommodate over 35 pupils, while the
school 
should have an attendance of about 70 pupils, though if the accommodations
had been 
sufficient the attendance could not have been brought to the number that
ought to 
be at school except by compulsion with about one-third. The Kickapoo Indians
have 
about 50 pupils of school age, which is more than double the attendance.
The board- 
ing hotise at that school will accommodate about 30 pupils, which is more
than the at- 
tendance was the past year. Except in regard to number, the schools have
been a 
success; the pupils have been taught successfully all the branches necessary
to make 
them intelligent and prosperous citizens. 
Very respctfuhly, 
H. C. LINN," 
Imdian Agent. 
The Co~m~msboN-:: OF" lI.' Na  AFFAIRS. 


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