United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884
Report of agent in Kansas, pp. 101-102 PDF (990.2 KB)
102 REPORT OF AGENT IN KANSAS. their school. The statistics attached show a.large increase in the number of cattle over last year's for Pottawatomie Indians. This feature should be as strongly encouraged as possible, as they, also the Kickapoos and lowas and Fox Indiaas, have resources for cattle-raising that cannot be surpassed. These Indians have a great many ponies, particularly the Pottawatomies, who shipped the past. year six car-loads, receiving therefor double compensation, for their expense and trouble in raising them. The Pottawatomie Indians have a fine tract of land of 77,357 acres; they have more land than they require for their use from the fact that a portion of this band number- ing about 280 persons reside in Wisconsin and Iowa. These Indians therefore leased to T. J. Anderson Company last March a tract for grazing purposes, comprised of the northeast corner of the reserve, containing about 20,000 acres, for a period of ten years, to receive a rental of $3,000 per annum, to be paid them semi-annually as per capita. The Kickapoos and Pottawatomies particularly are entirely satisfied with their pre- sent location, and declare an intention to establish permanent homes, but the Jowas and Sac and Fox of the Missouri Indians have agitated for two years and over the subject of removal to the Indian Territory; also tho Chippewa and Christian Indians have for the past year discussed the same subject. It would, I think, be an advantage to the Chippewa and Christian tribe to remove to the Indian Territory. They are very quarrelsome and dissipated. Living in a thickly settled country, they are con- stantly in contact with a class of people that is to their disadvantage. They hold their lands by allotment, and many complications are arising out of land sales made by them, which in many cases require investigations, and there is generally a great amount of annoyances connected therewith. This unsettledness with the tribes above mentioned in regard to removal has to some extent impeded their progress in agriculture; but they have attended to their farming with surprising interest. The lowas have broken more prairie, and the Sac and Fox of Missouri have done more fencing, making pastures, than in any one season before. The Iowa Indians, with the exception of the use of intoxicating drink, are unusually thriving, energetic, industrious Indians, all living in houses, many having 50 to 250 acres under cultivation, no patches cultivated by that tribe; they seem to me to be competent to take care of their own affairs. The Sac and Fox of Missouri In- dians are not so far advanced as the Jowas, having smaller farms, poorer houses, and showing less energy. The night following the semi-annual payment made June 27, 1884, to Sac and Fox of Missouri tribe, their head chief, Ko-sho-way, was murdered and his body thrown into the Nemaha River. I have succeeded in arresting the parties who were impli- cated in the crime, and hope to punish them in accordance with the law. RELIGIOUS DANCES. There has been introduced into the Pottawatomie tribe in the past year a system of worship which consists principally of dancing and exulting, though, like all semi- civilized nations, clouded in superstition. Apart from the superstilion and consump- tion of time spent in those dances the moral tendency is very good, as the teaching is in accordance with the Tea Commandments. They object to sacrament by use of in- t)xicating drink, and denounce gamubling and horse-racing. This religion was intro- duced by the Chippewas of Wisconsin. EDUCATION. We have three industrial boarding-schools in operation. Education should be compulsory. Many Indians are too indifferent to the interests of their children to send them to school. Industries ahould be made the strong features of these schools. The Pottawatomie and Great Nemaha school closed June 30, for two months' vacation, opening the 1st of September. The progress made the past year has been very satis- factory, but the attendance has not comprised all the pupils that should attend school. The Iowa and Sac and Fox of Missouri school was supported by all or nearly all the pupils of school age, but the Pottawatomie school had in attendance about (,ne-half of the pupils of the Pottawatomie tribe of school age. The principal reason was that the boarding-house at the school will not accommodate over 35 pupils, while the school should have an attendance of about 70 pupils, though if the accommodations had been sufficient the attendance could not have been brought to the number that ought to be at school except by compulsion with about one-third. The Kickapoo Indians have about 50 pupils of school age, which is more than double the attendance. The board- ing hotise at that school will accommodate about 30 pupils, which is more than the at- tendance was the past year. Except in regard to number, the schools have been a success; the pupils have been taught successfully all the branches necessary to make them intelligent and prosperous citizens. Very respctfuhly, H. C. LINN," Imdian Agent. The Co~m~msboN-:: OF" lI.' Na AFFAIRS.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright