United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884
Reports of agents in Dakota, pp. 20-63 PDF (21.1 MB)
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN DAKOTA. 53 TRIBES AND POPULATI )N. The Indians of this agency, comprising 1,170 famil ies, number 4,721 persons, and are composed of the Upper and Lower Yanktonais, Hnkpapa, and Blackfeet bands of Sioux, and, as required by section 9.of the act appr wed July 4, 1884, making appro- priations for the Indian service for the fiscal year ei ding June 30, 1885, the classifica- tion hereinafter given of the respective bands, takc n from the census rolls, carefully revised up to and including the 31st ultimo, is an v ccurate census of the Indians at- tached to this agency; and, as also required by sarie section, the number of schools in operation and attendance at each, together with the names of teachers employed and salaries paid, is. given under the head of "chools and educational," which data is also contained in the statistical reports herewith. The intermarrying and frequent changes from one band to another m ke it difficult to determine their true status in this respect, but the present classific tion is from the enrollment made July 31, 1884, and is as follows: Name of band. e I ,t Cd0 0 Upper Yanktonais ........ 152 158 223 138 112 631 71 64 135 Lower Yanktonais--.---363 357 452 290 248 1, 347 130 115 245 Runkpapa................ 475 483 689 417 387 1, 976 218 246 464 Blackfeet ................ 160 173 232 132 117 654 71 86 157 Mixed blood............... 20 26 29 28 30 113 16 17 33 Total.............1,170 1,197 1,625 1,005 894 4,721 506 528 1,084 AGRICULTURE. The Indians of this agency occupy what is said I o be the best agricultural portion of the "Great Sioux Reservation," and in seasons fuch as the present, when there is sufficient moisture, barley, oats, peas, and wheat, together with corn of early flint varieties and vegetables of an excellent quality, can be successfully grown. This section of country, however, is subject to drought, with occasional hot, dry winds, somewhat similar to the simooms of Arabia, w lich are here usually of three days' duration, and which parch everything in the r course, and when coming early in the season, before the crops are matured, as w 1s the case last year, destroy all cereal and root crops. The present summer, ho- ever, has been free from such blighting'winds or drought and the season has bee] all that could be desired; there has been an abundance of rain throughout the s mimer, and crops that have been properly cared for promise bountifully. Every family of the agency is engaged in cultiv tting individual fields or garden patches, and nothing is held in common by them, b it it is difficult to have them per- sist in properly caring for their fields throughout tI e growing season. They usually start in very well, but it exhausts our persuasive -,owers to have them continue to give the growing crops the care and attention reqi isite, and with all that could be done in this direction a number of fields have beer neglected by the owners. This careless indifference, so peculiar to the Indian, is perpetuated by the "free-ration system," and can only be remedied by compelling -11 able-bodied Indians to render an equivalent in labor for the subsistence and cloth ing issued to them. The patches and fields, ranging in extent from I alf an acre to 20 acres each, will aggregate 1,900 acres planted by Indians, which, - ith about 100 acres at the board- ing-schools and agency farm, will approximate 2,00,) acres cultivated and in crop this year, proportioned about as follows: Corn, 1,400 tcres; oats, 200 acres; wheat, 40 acres; potatoes, 100 acres; rutabagas, turnips, oni(us, squash, and other vegetables, 260 acres; which is an increase of about 25 percent., ver last year's cultivation. Hav- ing not yet completed our harvesting, approximate figures of the amount of products raised can therefore only be given; but an exceller t yield is promised, and I believe the following to be a moderate and fair estimate: Wheat, 550 bushels; corn, 10,800 busbels ; oats, 7,500 bushels ; potatoes, 10,750 bushe s; turnips, 5,150 bushels ; onions, 565 bushels ; beans, 515 bushels ; together with a lai e quantity of melons, pumpkins, squash, &c. ; and the hay cut will approximate 2,61)0 tons. The late hostiles or followers of "Sitting Bull" have been quite industrious, and have performed their proportionate share of all woi k done at this agency during the past year.
As a work of the United States government, this material is in the public domain.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright