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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1884

[Reports of agents in Arizona],   pp. 1-9 PDF (4.3 MB)

Page 1

AugU8t!'0, 1884. 
SIR: In accordance with instructions to Indian agents I have the honor to
this as my second annual report of the Indians in charge of this agency for
the year 
ending June 30, 1884. 
The three bands of Indians under my jurisdiction are the Mohaves, Chimehuvas,
Yumas. According to the last census the whole number of Indians among the
haves and Chimohuvas was 1,012, and divided as follows: 519 males and 493
or of the Mohaves, 412 males and 390 females; of the Chimehuvas, 107 males
and 103 
females. I believe from what I have seen and learned of these two tribes
that there 
has been a slight increase since my last report was made. The Yumas are said
number nearly 1,200 souls, and are also a very quiet, orderly, good people.
My time while at Fort Yuma was so taken up with the starting of a new school
among them that I found it impossible to take the census for this report,
but it is 
my desire to take a new and complete census of all the tribes of Indians
under my 
jurisdiction next year. 
All the Indians have behaved remarkably well during the past year where they
have had so much to contend with in the loss of their crops, &c. I have
not heard 
of a single instance of a disturbance of any nature amrng them. 
There is no intemperance among the Mohaves and Chimehuvas, which is a great
blessing. This is owing, in a great measure, to the remote distance the Indians
located from the white settlements-being 200 miles one way, and nearly 100
another direction-places where they only visit when they desire to make purchases
or to secure labor. In all such cases a pass is furnished them by the agent,
they regard as a good omen, and keeping them from all harm when away from
The Yumas are inclined to drink all kinds of liquors, but if caught under
its influ- 
ence they are immediately arrested by their Chief. Pasqual, and a most severe
ishment inflicted upon them. In ordinary cases, for the first and second
offenses, the 
Indians are brought from the town of Yuma and placed in the presence of their
chief, who then and there decides what their piniisbment shall be. In all
his decision must be complied with. While at Fort Yuma I witnessed the punish-
ment of one Indian for drunkenness, as follows: The Indian was carried and
over the ground for a distance of nearly two miles after receiving his sentence;
then tied to a mesquit tree, wh- re he was obliged to remain tightly bound
from 5 p. 
m. until sunrise the following morning, when he was released and placed in
a position 
to receive an additional punishment of thirty lashes. Following this comes
a good 
lecture from the chief and set free. In this way Pasqual has in a great measure
broken up their desire for drink, and has done more good in that particular
than any 
Indian chief I ever knew. He also says that he would prefer to see his people
dead than to be a set of drunkards. 
Since I took charge of this agency I am gratified to report a very gradual
steady progress among the pupils. During the month of April last I opened
a new 
school among the Yumas at the Jaeger Farm, about one mile from Fort Yuma,
the most favorable auspices, beginning with thirty scholars, and retaining
a good 
general average during the term. The scholars are very bright and made remarkable
progress for the first quarter. I believe that fully fifty scholars can be
secured for the 
next term of school, and provision should be made for that number, and also
to in- 
clude some supplies for the Indians, who are really expecting something from
Great Father at the next school opening. 
The agency school has about fifty scholars with a fair average attendance,
as the 
reports of the superintendent will show. This is owing in a great measure
to the 
kind treatment given them and the assurance of better food and raiment than
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