United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
Reports of agents in Wisconsin, pp. 157-160 PDF (2.0 MB)
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WISCONSIN. 159 THE RED CLIFF RESERVATION is situated upon the shore of Lake Superior, in Bayfield County, Wisconsin. The members of this band are mostly mixed bloods, and support themselves entirely by the cultivation of their lands which have been patented to them in severalty. and by labor in the various branches of industry, manufacturing, and fishing, &c., which are carried on in the vicinity of their reservation. They have cut, and sold during the past winter a considerable amount of pine timber and steamboat wood from their lands, and are prosperous and amply capable of providing for themselves and should be admitted to citizenship at the earliest possible day. The great drawback to their advancement is the abundance of whisky in. their neighborhood, and my efforts to prevent the sale to them have been attended with but little success; I believe, however, that intoxication amo .g thein is decreasing, owing more to their own appreciation of the baneful effect upon themselves than upon my efforts to prohibit the purchase of liquor by them. The day school upon the reservation is under the charge of the Cal holic order of St. Francis, is well attended, and the progress of the pupils is very satisfactory. Many communities of citizens may be found in this State less intelligent, industrious, and prosperous than this band of Indians. The Government employ6s upon this reservation are a farmer (white) and a blacksmith (Indian). The number appearing on my pay- rolls as having received annuities during the past year was 250. LAC COURT D'OREILLES RESERVATION, Situated in Chippewa County, Wisconsin, like all the other reservations in this agency, is heavily timbered, and the clearing of farms is slow and expensive work, yet these Indians, or a large portion of them, are deriving a handsome subsistence from their labor and the cultivation of the soil. Their dress and habits are those of the whites, and among them are business men who will compare favorably with the average white. They are well dressed and well fed, through their own exertions, and are rapidly ad- vancing in civilization. During the year I have delivered to the heads of families of this band 188 patents to lands in fee, covering 80 acres each, and they also have availed themselves of the privilege of cutting and selling a portion of the pine from. their patented lands, and have, in almost every instance, made a handsome profit from their winter's work. During the past year there has been established upon this reservation at Lac Court d'Oreilles a school supported by the Government, under charge of Rev. D. J. Miner, assisted by Mrs. Miner, is well attended, and is accomplishing good results. A school- house and church have also been built at this point by the Catholic order of St. Fran- cis, and at Pahquauhwong the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions maintained a resident native missionary, educated at their Bad River school, and also a day school which has a good attendance. There are also employed by Government a farmer and blacksmith, and until the commencement of the present fiscal year an assistant farmer has also been employed to aid and assist the Indians in their farming and other avocations. The number of this band enrolled as having received annuities from the Government during the past year was 841. LAC DU FLAMBEAtU RESERVATION Is situated upon Flambeau Lake and the headwaters of the Flambeau River, in Lincoln County. This is said to contain a large amount of valuable pine timber. 1 have not been able to visit this reservation, nor have I any employ6s upon it. During the month of April last I received from the Department authority to erect a school-house for the Indians, but upon examination I found that during the summer months it would be impossible to do the work for the sum which I was allowed to expend, as the intervening country between the railroad and the reservation was swampy and of such a character that transportation of material, except in winter, was impossible. I have asked that authority for this purpose may be again granted, with the intention of erecting the building during the early winter months. The In- dians of this band are cursed with neighbors who furnish them with all the whisky they can buy, and are the most addicted to drunkenness of any band in the agency. I have prosecuted the guilty parties whenever I could obtain the necessary evidence against them, but located as they are at a distance from the agency, and with no employ6 upon the ground to assist me, I have been able to accomplish but little towards suppressing the traffic. The subsistence of this band is derived principally from hunting, fishing, and labor in lumber camps operating in the vicinity. Their advance towards civilization for the reasons above given is principally notable from their having adopted its most debasing vices. The number of this band enrolled as having received annuities from the Government during the past is 4fO.
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