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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Reports of agents in Wisconsin,   pp. 157-160 PDF (2.0 MB)


Page 159

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WISCONSIN. 
159 
THE RED CLIFF RESERVATION 
is situated upon the shore of Lake Superior, in Bayfield County, Wisconsin.
The 
members of this band are mostly mixed bloods, and support themselves entirely
by 
the cultivation of their lands which have been patented to them in severalty.
and 
by labor in the various branches of industry, manufacturing, and fishing,
&c., which 
are carried on in the vicinity of their reservation. They have cut, and sold
during 
the past winter a considerable amount of pine timber and steamboat wood from
their 
lands, and are prosperous and amply capable of providing for themselves and
should 
be admitted to citizenship at the earliest possible day. 
The great drawback to their advancement is the abundance of whisky in. their
neighborhood, and my efforts to prevent the sale to them have been attended
with 
but little success; I believe, however, that intoxication amo .g thein is
decreasing, 
owing more to their own appreciation of the baneful effect upon themselves
than upon 
my efforts to prohibit the purchase of liquor by them. 
The day school upon the reservation is under the charge of the Cal holic
order of St. 
Francis, is well attended, and the progress of the pupils is very satisfactory.
Many 
communities of citizens may be found in this State less intelligent, industrious,
and 
prosperous than this band of Indians. The Government employ6s upon this reservation
are a farmer (white) and a blacksmith (Indian). The number appearing on my
pay- 
rolls as having received annuities during the past year was 250. 
LAC COURT D'OREILLES RESERVATION, 
Situated in Chippewa County, Wisconsin, like all the other reservations in
this agency, 
is heavily timbered, and the clearing of farms is slow and expensive work,
yet these 
Indians, or a large portion of them, are deriving a handsome subsistence
from their 
labor and the cultivation of the soil. Their dress and habits are those of
the whites, 
and among them are business men who will compare favorably with the average
white. 
They are well dressed and well fed, through their own exertions, and are
rapidly ad- 
vancing in civilization. 
During the year I have delivered to the heads of families of this band 188
patents 
to lands in fee, covering 80 acres each, and they also have availed themselves
of the 
privilege of cutting and selling a portion of the pine from. their patented
lands, and 
have, in almost every instance, made a handsome profit from their winter's
work. 
During the past year there has been established upon this reservation at
Lac Court 
d'Oreilles a school supported by the Government, under charge of Rev. D.
J. Miner, 
assisted by Mrs. Miner, is well attended, and is accomplishing good results.
A school- 
house and church have also been built at this point by the Catholic order
of St. Fran- 
cis, and at Pahquauhwong the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions maintained
a 
resident native missionary, educated at their Bad River school, and also
a day school 
which has a good attendance. 
There are also employed by Government a farmer and blacksmith, and until
the 
commencement of the present fiscal year an assistant farmer has also been
employed 
to aid and assist the Indians in their farming and other avocations. The
number of 
this band enrolled as having received annuities from the Government during
the past 
year was 841. 
LAC DU FLAMBEAtU RESERVATION 
Is situated upon Flambeau Lake and the headwaters of the Flambeau River,
in Lincoln 
County. This is said to contain a large amount of valuable pine timber. 1
have not 
been able to visit this reservation, nor have I any employ6s upon it. 
During the month of April last I received from the Department authority to
erect 
a school-house for the Indians, but upon examination I found that during
the summer 
months it would be impossible to do the work for the sum which I was allowed
to 
expend, as the intervening country between the railroad and the reservation
was 
swampy and of such a character that transportation of material, except in
winter, 
was impossible. I have asked that authority for this purpose may be again
granted, 
with the intention of erecting the building during the early winter months.
The In- 
dians of this band are cursed with neighbors who furnish them with all the
whisky 
they can buy, and are the most addicted to drunkenness of any band in the
agency. 
I have prosecuted the guilty parties whenever I could obtain the necessary
evidence 
against them, but located as they are at a distance from the agency, and
with no 
employ6 upon the ground to assist me, I have been able to accomplish but
little 
towards suppressing the traffic. The subsistence of this band is derived
principally 
from hunting, fishing, and labor in lumber camps operating in the vicinity.
Their 
advance towards civilization for the reasons above given is principally notable
from 
their having adopted its most debasing vices. The number of this band enrolled
as 
having received annuities from the Government during the past is 4fO. 


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