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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883

Reports of agents in Washington territory,   pp. 141-157 PDF (8.3 MB)

Page 156

I have found the Indian police here very prompt and efficient in the discharge
their duties, and a great power for good and the restraint of evil. I frequently
to send them outside the reservation, sometimes as much as a hundred miles,
to make 
arrests, recover stolen property, &c., and so far they have always been
successful in 
the performance of their required duties, without interference or hindrance
from the 
whites. When ordered outside the reservation in the performance of any duty,
always give them a written order, stating the duty to be performed, and requesting
white men not to interfere with but to assist them when necessary and convenient.
There being no law requiring white men outside the reservation to respect
authority of an Indian policeman, I respectfully suggest the enactri ent
of a law by 
Congress giving Indian policemen the power and authority of United States
.hals in the performance of their duties outside of reservations. 
Experience has fully demonstrated that no healthy and permanent progress
in civ- 
ilization has ever yet been made among our Indians unaccompanied by Christianity.
This truth is clearly apparent on this reservation, where all Indians who
are trust- 
worthy and upright in their conduct, and have cultivated farms, good, comfortable
dwelling houses, barns, granaries, implements, cattle, horses, domestic fowls,
the dress and cleanliness of the whites, are all now, and have for years
been, profess- 
ing Christians. On the other hand, all Indians of this agency who are untrustworthy,
lazy, live in rude, comfortless dwellings, or wickeups, amid filth, vermin,
and squalor, 
the men having long and often plaited hair, and dressed more or less in the
of the savage, depending but little on agriculture, and that little generally
carried on 
by the labor of the women, and looking to fish, game, roots, and berries
as the prin- 
cipal source of subsistence-such Indians, without exception, are not Christians,
adhere to the vile superstitions of their ancestors. The transforming power
of pure 
Christianity is everywhere apparent among our Indian tribes: therefore Christianity
should, by the Government, be highly favored among the Indians, and no officials
employ6s who do not respect, profess, and practice Christianity appointed,
as it is upon 
officials and employes sent among them that they are dependent for civilization,
without Christianity is only cultured barbarism. 
On account of the long-continued drought in this region, there not having
been any 
rain since the 1st of May, the grain crops will not be near so abundant on
this reser- 
vation this year as some previous years. But all who have attempted in good
to raise wheat, oats, barley, potatoes, and garden vegetables, have succeeded
ably well. Those who depend upon agriculture for subsistence and made a proper
effort in that direction will have amply sufficient for their maintenance,
and many 
will have a surplus for sale. This is not a corn country. and but little
is raised except 
for table use in the form of roasting ears. Wheat is raised for bread, and
some for 
hog-feed. Hay, oats, and barley are raised for feed of cattle and horses.
'of wheat, oats, barley, and hay is about all over, and thrashing-machines
are busy in 
thrashing wheat, oats, and barley. 
The thrashing of the Department grain is about finished, yielding 1,200 bushels
wheat. 2,000 bushels of oats, and 1,000 bushels of barley. There is, in addition
to the 
new wheat, about 1,600 bushels of old wheat of last year and the year before
on hand 
belonging to the Department. About 50 tons of hay have been put up for the
ment from the school farm and about 600 tons at the cattle ranch. These supplies
grain and hay will, I think, be amply sufficient for department use for a
As the grain belonging to the Indians has not yet been thrashed, except in
part, the amount thereof can only be estimated as follows: Wheat, 3,500 bushels;
oats, 8,000 bushels; barley, 3,000 bushels; and hay, 2,500 tons. 
I received from Agent Wilbur 1,241 head of neat cattle, 442 calves, 77 horses,
and 12 
mules. I have issued to the Indians 71 head of cattle and killed 137 head
for beef; 
have issued to Indians 121 horses and 3 mules. 
But all these matters are minutely set forth in the statistics herewith sent
as a bill 
,of particulars. 
Very respectfully, 
Uuited States Indian Agent. 

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