United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
Reports of agents in Washington territory, pp. 141-157 PDF (8.3 MB)
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WASHINGTON TERRITORY. 149 allotments as the Indians wished to select and occupy on both the Tulalip and Swin- omish Reservations, and he is now at work on the Lummi Reservation. Indians who have roamed about the country have, of late, returned to their several reservations and taken up land, and seem to feel a new interest in making something of themselves. It is very evident to my mind, and is coming I think to be the prevailing opinion in this part of the country, that the proper course for the Government to pursue is, instead of keeping large and valuable tracts of land idle, on which an Indian dare not, and a white mun cannot, make any improvements, to give to such Indians as will use it what land they need or are entitled to under the varions treaties, with such safe- guards as are needed to protect their ownership in it from the rapacity of avaricious and unprincipled white men, and then dispose of the remainder to actual bona fide settlers, and apply the proceeds towards the education of the children of the several tribes entitled thereto. The example of the more energetic Caucasian will stir up his more phlegmatic and untutored neighbor to greater efforts for himself, and har- mony and good feeling towards the Government and the Indians will be likely to exist in a greater degree than at present. On the reservations belonging to the Nis- qually subagency the allotments have generally been made, but there is but little record of them in the office, and there is need of much labor to get such records as are needed arranged. The sanitary condition of the Indians is not encouraging. On both the Tulalip and Puyallup Reservations the mortality during the past winter was very large. The closer they are brought in contact with civilization the faster niany of them seem to fade away. Those, however, who successfully pass as it were the shoals between barbarism and civilization seem to improve, and the health of themselves and their offspring is fairly good. Each of the three sub agencies has had the benefit of the labors of a missionary, who has devoted his time to the religious welfare of the several parishes. These are supported by the several denominations to which the agencies were originally as- signed, and are Catholic, Presbyterian, and Congregational. There are eight differ- ent church buildings owned and mostly built by the Indians, and in which they meet to worship God, besides two other Government buildings which are also used for the same purpose. As a rule the labors of gospel ministers have been as fruitful among Indians as any other class of people, and the rule holds good among the indians of Puget Sound. To the labors of these devoted men is largely due the sobriety, indus- try, and good order of the various tribes. In conclusion I have to acknowledge with pleasure the kindness and co-operation of the members of the various denominations with whom I have been called to act, and the faithfulness of the' several employ6s who have aided me in my arduous and at times oppressive duties. Very respectfully, EDWIN EELLS, United States Indian Agent. The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. PUYALLUP INDIAN RESERVATION, August 1, 1883. DEAR SIR: The time for making my annual report has arrived. In so doing I have the honor to set before you the following facts concerning the educational operations connected with the school and farm on this reservation: SCHOOL. There were 57 pupils in this school when I took charge last year, viz, on November 25, 188'2. Since that time 14 have been drafted into the Forest Grove training-school, 8 have graduated from the school and returned to their homes, 5 left school on account of ill-health, of which number 2 died, making a total of 27. This has been more than offset by the admission of 35 new pupils, most of them small, and very ignorant. Of the pupils now in school, 59 are full-blooded Indians-35 boys, and 24 girls; 6 are half - caste children-viz, 4 girls and 2 boys. * * GRADING OF SCHOOL. Thme school is regularly graded into two departments, each department occupying a separate room, and being under the care of its own teacher. All the pupils are required to be in school four hours in the forenoon of each day. The smaller pupils spend an additional two hours doring the afternoons in the school-room, uder care of the assistant teacher, who is a Normal School graduate, and a teachmer of ninny years' prac- tical experience.
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