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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883
([1883])

Reports of agents in New Mexico,   pp. 116-124 PDF (4.5 MB)


Report of agent in New York,   pp. 124-125 PDF (1002.8 KB)


Page 124

124                REPORT    OF AGENT IN      NEW   YORK. 
The Pueblo of San Felipe raises grain and many sorts of fruits, enjoys perfect
health, and owns some animals. It is habitually superstitious, but wants
to learn. 
The Pueblo of Santo Domingo is a large one, having extensive and beautiful
lands, 
and a great number of animals. It raises an abundance of grain, is in good
health, 
and its habits are filthy, fanatic, and immoral. It is slow about education.
The Pueblo of Cochiti raises a great deal of all sorts of grain; works pottery,
has 
good herds of horses and donkeys. It is filthy and immoral, but favors education.
The Pueblo of San Ildefonso is a very small one; most of its lands are owned
by 
the whites, who have obtained them by purchase  It has draught animals, raises
enough for its living, is obedient, and wishes to learn. The small-pox has
killed about 
thirty of its little ones lately. 
The Pueblo of Pojoaque is almost extinct. Its best lands have been sold to
the 
whites and the few remaining Indians hardly live. They are well. 
The Pueblo of Namb6 owns good lands and is well. It is lazy, antiquated,
and 
superstitious. It scarcely lives, but seems to favor education. 
The Pueblo of San Juan is a large one, has good lands, grows horses, donkeys,
and 
a few cattle. It works pottery for sale. The small-pox has found its way
to this 
Pueblo and made victims of all those whose parents did not believe in vaccination,
on account of their stale superstitions. Itis very disobedient, abides by
its old habits, 
and wants to keep them. 
The Pueblo of Picuris is small, and the greater part of its lands has been
sold to 
the whites. It has very few animals and its habits are filthy, vicious, and
retrograded. 
It is not inclined to learn. 
The Pueblo of Taos owns a beautiful tract of land on the lap of the Sierra
Madre 
and at the gap of the Caton of Taos River. The small-pox is there now, and
has 
wrought a great havoc. These Indians are superstitious, fanatic, and vicious,
being 
yet in their old darkness, and go more on their ESTUFAS (secret chambers)
than on 
education, but some inclination, however, can be seen in them for education.
The Pueblo of Tesuque is small and its soil very dry; raises very little;
owns some 
cows, horses, and donkeys. Its habits are antiquated and cares not for morality.
The Pueblo of Santa Clara is very poor, fighting always among itself, and
its 
habits are unclean and superstitious. In its disposition bad and lazy. 
There are three schools under my care; one at Zuhi, one at Laguna, and one
at 
Jemes. These are supported by the Government partly, and partly by the Presby-
terian church. The teachers at these schools have to struggle with the laziness
and 
little application of the Indians; progress, however, is there visible. 
I would wish to have been more concise in this report, but could not, as
I had to 
refer to every Pueblo, ever so slightly. From the time I took charge of this
agency 
I have visited the Pueblos, spoken to the Indians of each respectively, and
had the 
opportunity of making them understand the necessity of a change of life.
I have 
patiently noticed! their actual condition, habits, and disposition, and I
would con- 
sider myself happy, it; with the aid of Providence and the Government, I
could see 
these Indians respect the moral law and social order, as well as make them
under- 
stand the love and fidelity that each husband ought to have for his wife,
and vice 
versa; the duty of parents to bring up and care for their children properly,
and, 
above all, to appreciate and care for the virtue of their maidens. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 
PEDRO SANCHEZ, 
United States Indian Agent. 
The COMM]VISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 
NEW YORK INDIAN AGENCY, 
Randolph, August 20, 1883. 
SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my third annual report of affairs
at this 
agency. 
The year past has been an uneventful one with the Indians under my charge.
Crops 
have been good, and the Indians have been generally well supplied with subsistence
from the products of their own farms. Some, however, work off the reservation,
and, 
for such as desire to do so, plenty of work is found at good wages. 
A good demand exists, and is growing constantly, for the services of Indian
girls as 
cooks and household assistants in the best families in the vicinity of the
reservations. 
Stch especially are sought after as have had a course of training in the
industrial 
schools. Good wages are paid them and they soon become very efficient. Many
In- 
dian parents fully appreciate the advantage to their daughters of residing
for a time 
in white families, and progress in housekeeping among them is very noticeable
fr'om 
this practice. If it were more common for the Indian boys to work for white
farmers 
several seasons each before undertaking farming on their own account, I think
their 


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