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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1883

Report of agent in Kansas,   pp. 92-94 PDF (1.4 MB)

Page 93

excellent grazing and farming land, interspersed with streams well timbered.
lowas are far more advanced in civilization than the Sac and Fox of Missouri.
Jowas are a prosperous tribe of Indians, the white blood predominating to
a more or 
less degree. They are as good farmers as the average white class, some of
them rais- 
ing flue fields of corn, wheat, oats, &c. They seem to appreciate their
send to school, aid are willing for their children to work, and if it was
not for the 
use of intoxicating drink would be an exemplary tribe. 
The Sac and Fox of Missouri are of a different nature, they clinging somewhat
the traditional superstition of their fathers, but which is being gradually
and they are, with the exception of a few, an indolent and dissipated tribe,
ing larger annuities, which is to their detriment rather than their advantage.
seem to tolerate the school. and through the persuasions of the employds
send their 
children. This tribe, with the exception of a small per cent., are full-blooded
The Sac and Fox of Missouri Reserve is situated along the Nemaha and Missouri
Rivers, and is the finer reserve of the",two, but this year it was submerged
June by the freshet from the Nemaha and Missouri Rivers, materially injuring
The Jowas and Sac and Fox of Missouri have been agitating the question of
to the Indian Territory ever since and before I assumed charge of them. This
had its detrimental effects in the way of improvements upon their present
Last spring they wished the Department to allow them to use each tribe's
part of 
their annuity money for the purpose of defraying the expenses of delegates
to visit 
the Territory to select homes there, and were to remove if the delegates
should like 
that country. The Department granted the authority for the use of funds as
quested by the tribes,in letter dated March 9, 1883, but with the proviso
"that all the 
Indians at the Great Nemaha Agency belonging to the said tribes should remove
the Indian Territory." Under the authority, with the exception of a
few, they con- 
cluded to remain upon their present reservations, and have been satisfied
until the 
last month, when a delegation of two Indians from the Indian Territory visited
for the purpose of explaining to them the benefits derived by removal; and
at the 
present time they are agitating the question again, and a large majority
are express- 
ing desires to join their tribes in the Indian Territory. 
The Chippewa and Munsee Reserve is situated in Franklin County, Kansas, on
Marais des Cygnes River, 8 miles from Ottawa City, and contains 4,395 acres
of land 
which is known as the Chippewa hills. The soil, all but what is in the valleys,
which is not over a thousand acres, is of a clay subsoil, mostly covered
with black 
oak timber, and is very fertile for that class of land. These Indians raise
very good 
corn, oats, and potatoes. 
This tribe having been made up of two different tribes, the Chippewas and
the Mun- 
sees, which are about equally divided as to number in the band now, seems
to cause 
so  e strife among them. They have some very good Indians, but as a tribe
they are 
very quarrelsome and dissipated. There are some white men among them who
agitators and keep up a dissatisfaction among the tribe. They have made several
applications to me to visit the Indian Territory for the purpose of selecting
a new home 
and selling their present reserve, which I believe would be to their advantage.
are principally half-breeds; there is not a member of the tribe without white
This agency has 3 industrial boarding schools under charge: Pottawatomie
Kickapoo 1, and Sac and Fox of Missouri 1, which are not as satisfactory
as I would 
like, but at the same time they are doing very well considering the light
in which 
the class of people who support these schools look at education-they who
so recently 
held to the traditional predelictions of their fathers, who believed in the
chase and 
his annuity for a livelihood. It can be seen very plainly that the man who
in agricultural pursuits much sooner realizes the necessity of an education
the man who depends on his annuity for his support. Few Indians send to school
through choice, but from the persuasive influences and understanding that
he does the child's annuity will be cut off, or he will be deprived of agricultural
implements. And after the parents are induced to send to school, they are
troublesome about their children working, which I consider the most important
fit derived from these schools. 
The average attendance at the three schools during the year was 76 pupils.
pupils in attendance are becoming industrious and cleanly boys and girls.
are statistical reports of each school. 

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