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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879

Report of the Ute Commission,   pp. [170]-177 PDF (4.1 MB)

Page 173

REPORT OF UTE COMMISSION.                          173 
tendance of the Indians; and such proceedings were then had as resulted in
execution of the agreement herewith submitted, marked S. We also obtained
complete an enumeration as possible of the names, sex, and age of the persons
posing the Muache, Capote, and Weeminuche bands, which is also herewith submitted,
marked T. 
We paid, as instructed, $17 to each man, woman, and child; in case of families,
the head thereof, and to lone and single persons of full age, individually,
in all to the 
number of 902, taking the proper receipts therefor. 
An account of the nmoneys received for payment to the Indians and the expenditure
thereof by the chairman of the commission, to whom the same was intrusted,
is also 
herewith submitted, and also the account of the clerk of the commission relating
the expenditure of the fund appropriated by Congress for the use of the commission,
of which he was constituted by the department disburser. 
It will be seen, then, by this report, if it shall be confirmed- 
First. That the Southern Ute Indians, to wit, the Muache, Capote, and Weeminuche
bands, have released to the United States all their right to and interest
in the Confed- 
erate Ute Reservation in Colorado. 
Second. That the other Ute bands, to wit, the Tabequache, Yampa, Grand River,
and Uintah, have released to the United States all their right and title
to that part of 
the reservation lying south of parallel 380 101 except the said four miles
Third. That the amount of land to which the title is fully secured is 1,920,000
Fourth. That the President is to define the boundaries of a new location
on the 
headwaters of the Piedra, San Juan, Navajo, Blanco, and Chama Rivers, in
with an agency to be established thereon. 
Fifth. That the said three bands of Southern Utes have been paid $17 per
capita on 
the indebtedness arising out of the Brunot agreement of 1873, amounting to
And, in conclusion, we beg leave further to say, that we have seen a considerable
portion of the territory to which it is proposed to remove the Southern Utes,
found it to contain plenty of pasturage, with more arable land in the valleys
than the 
Indians will be likely to cultivate; and that much of the Territory relinquished
be eagerly sought after by settlers, some of whom have already turned their
in that direction; that the buildings at the Southern Ute Agency are of but
value, and the loss from their abandonment will be trifling; that the new
agency, to 
be located probably on the Navajo, will be much nearer railroad, and, consequently,
the transportation of supplies will be greatly cheapened and quickened. The
reservation need not consist of more than 500,000 acres. 
We believe that the three bands called Southern Ute Indians compose about
third of the whole Ute tribe; and that in all they do not exceed three thousand.
this arrangement is completed it will leave not more than fifteen hundred
occupying the remainder of the reservation in Colorado, of which there will
still be 
left about ten million acres; for it is to be remembered that there are about
five hun- 
dred Uintahs in Utah. This reservation should be greatly reduced, and the
Indians, if possible, consolidated at one agency. There is more disposition
them to unite than there is in any portion of them uniting with the Southern
The amount remaining due these Indians on the Brunot agreement should be
them at once, and it is probable that they may be quite willing to take part
of it in 
stock, particularly sheep, and other articles which would be useful to them.
It may not be necessary to say that large numbers of our citizens are locating,
desirous of locating, in the mountainous districts of Colorado, not only
for mining but 
also for agricultural and pastoral purposes. 
If we have not been able to effect the consolidation of agencies so much
desired and 
so very desirable, we think we have averted dangers which were threatening
imminent to both Indians and settlers. 
The non-military members of the commission desire to mention the attention
kindness everywhere shown by the Army, and to recognize the substantial aid
it afforded in the progress of our business. 
All of which, with the minutes of the commission, is respectfully submitted.
Colonel Ninth Unitcd States Cavalry, r~ret 1ajar-General, Clairnan C isminicv.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Decemlier 26, 1878. 
GENTLEMEN: On the 22d day'of October I received the instructions appended
paper marked A, from General Hatch, chairman of the commission. 
The following is therefore submitted as my partial report: 
I left Alamosa, accompanied by Lient. C. A. H. McCauley, on the night of
the 23d 
of October, with $2,000 in standard silver dollars, the same amount in checks
on the 

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