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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879
([1879])

Reports of agents in Wisconsin,   pp. 159-166 PDF (3.6 MB)


Page 160

160              REPORTS OF AGENTS IN         WISCONSIN. 
odist missionary; the third, by Miss Mary Ford; the fourth, by Fred. A. Cornelius,
an 
Oneida Indian and a graduate of Lawrence University. The last two named receive
no compensation from the government for their services. 
Crime and drunkenne88. 
From the peculiar situation of the agent, being on the Menomonee Reserve,
some 
forty miles distant, he cannot see or hear of as much as he-ought to, and
many get 
off scot-free. It is only the most aggravating cases that are brought to
his attention. 
Two cases of liquor selling have recently been prosecuted in the United States
court and 
the parties are suffering the penalty. 
THE MENOMONEES 
are now about through with their harvest, and by referring to my statistics
you will 
observe a very handsome yield. Everything did splendidly this year except
the wheat 
crop; a dry rust struck it in July and ruined almost all of it. Corn, oats,
and rye all 
yielded well. Great care and attention was given by almost every family to
the cul- 
tivation of vegetable gardens, and their labors have met with marked success.
Their 
Grist-mill 
has ground during the past year a trifle over 3,000 bushels of rye and wheat;
or rather, 
I should say, mashed that amount, for the mill has been fifteen years without
any im- 
provements or repairs of any consequence being made; it is now, however,
being 
thoroughly overhauled by an experienced millwright, and in the course of
three weeks 
more we expect to have a mill capable of making as good a straight grade
of flour as 
anybpdy's, for which the nation at large will rejoice. Their 
,9audmil 
has turned out 287,402 feet of lumber, some of which was issued to Indians
to build 
houses, and sheds for wagons and implements, and the balance sold by my predeces-
sor to citizens adjacent to the reservation. 
Schools. 
The scholars of the industrial boarding-school have made commendable progress
in 
their studies the past year; present indications are that no difficulty will
be expe- 
rienced in having a full attendance the coming year. The accommodations,
however, 
are very limited and ought to be doubled by the erection of another building.
The health 
of the tribe for most of the year has been good, until within the past two
months 
whooping-cough and measles have carried off a number of children. The diseases
seem 
now to be narrowing down, having had their run. 
Moral and religious. 
The standard of morals is steadily advancing. The Catholics are the only
religions 
denomination on the Menomonee Reserve; they have two churches, with a membership
of about one-half the tribe. 
Crimes and misdemeanors 
committed the past year have been very few. The worst thing to contend with
is the 
liqnor-traffle; eighteen complaints have been sent to-the United States district
attor- 
ney for the prosecution of persons selling and giving liquor to Indians,
and several 
warrants are now in the hands of the United States marshal for their arrest.
I an 
determined to make vigorous war against this cldss of offenders, and hope
to bring 
to punishment more than usual by the aid of the 
United States Indian jpolice, 
which is just now being organized here for the first time. There will be
some sta- 


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