United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879
Reports of agents in Washington territory, pp. 140-159 PDF (11.7 MB)
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN WASHINGTON TERRITORY. 143 for the night a short distance below the old English boundary commission buildings, and near the old Hudson Bay Fort Colville. The next morning took an early start down the Columbia, via Rickey's Bridge, across Mill Creek. Down Mill Creek, at its mouth on the Columbia, came to the farms of Kasmer, or Cas-i-mer, and his band, Kom-ines, Martine, Pen-wa, Pierre, Joseph, Paul or Semer, and Quil Quil Skolski. Here was a village of seven log dwellings and the same number of barns. The houses com- fortable, of hewn logs, and farms well fenced, and some of them well cultivated. We here met Joseph and Quain-akin, who have farms on the opposite side of the Colum- bia, and below the mouth of Kettle River. Owing to the high water we could not visit them. They need a plow, set of harness, and cradle. From these farms we kept on to Semer's place, a model farmer. His fences are in good order; he has irrigating ditches, good log houses and was then erecting a log barn and stable, 50 by 18 feet, of peeled logs, with passageway through the center, to be covered with cedar shakes, and for which I promised him some nails. He had, while we were there, two plows running; has a good, strong-made Eastern wagon, and three teams. The next place was Joe Louis's and his son-in-law Jeremiah's. They had a small field on the bank of the Columbia, but were opening a much larger farm with good land for grain and some low land suitable for hay. They will have a good place. They were putting up a barn the size of Semer's, 50 by 18 feet, also of peeled logs. The next place visited was Quil-lo-asket's, another model farmer, with his log barn 60 by 1S feet, with his thrashing floor and granary (the only Indian seen on the trip thrashing his grain in his barn), two log dwellings, log granary with both wheat and oats thrashed and in the sheaf, au elliptic spring two-horse wagon. We saw him and one of his peo- ple leaving for church with a mule and horse harnessed together before this wagon, with half a dozen sheaves of oats in fo1'feed for the horses. Quil-lo-asket himself, with a stove-pipe hat and black overcoat with cape on, driving. From here we went to Pascal's, another good farm of about 80 acres, with log dwelling and barn and a good Eastern-made wagon. A few ealves in a pen, around which were some fine-look- ing cows that the Indians were milking. From Pascal's to Charley's place. Charley has rather more land fenced in than Pascal, part of which is cultivated for wheat and garden, and the balance used for hay, of which he cuts three or-four tons. Charley prides himself upon his vegetables. He showed me beans and two kindsof pease, small and marrowfat, of last year's raising. His irrigating ditch, atter using for his land, he runs down to the bank of the Columbia, wbere it is used by Chinese miners in gold washing, for which they pay- Charley $5 per month. A short distance below Charley's house, on the bank of the river, with the help of only his own people, they have erected a neat little church (log) and a smalL cabin for the fathers' use when visiting them. After leaving Charley's place we intended going to old Charley's, but in some man - nor lost the trail and were -compelled to camp that nighbt in a low muddy place, an& where there was but little feed for our animals. In the morning early left, and after a ride of five or six miles eame to Ore-poken's, one of the Spokans. From his plase we visited the farm of his son; then on over the hills some three or four miles to the trail leading down the mountain to the Spokan River. We here struck a most beautiful flat of 500 or 600 aeres, in which there were two or three small Indian farms or gardens of only three or four acres each. From here up the Spokan the traveling -was bad and dangerous. We: had many streams to cross leading from the mountains to the river, :deep and rapid, and one very bad landslide to pass over. We were glad -when we. again commenced acending the ruountaia-- a long, steep, and sandy trail. From the summit, aride 9f five.: r six mils, through a flue graing and wheat-produc- ing country of thousands of aeres, with two or three permanent little streams running _through it, brought us to the farm or farms of Ah-ma-melican, and a mile from there to Whistle-poo-sum's band and farms. At Ah-ma-melican camp there are between 200 and three hundred acres inclosed, with probably 150 acres cultivated, and Whistle- poe-sum has, I should judge, nearly 800 acres inclosed. Within the inclosure are the different farms, not to exceed, however, 200 acres in cultivation. The land was so wet and miry that it was impossible to give it a thorough investigation. But little was doing excepting the repairing of the fencing. They were soon in hopes of getting in their wheat. Whistle-poo-sum had no seed wheat. I told him to send to the agency after some. After leaving this place, a ride of about eight miles through the timber brought us to Haines's, at Walker's.Prairie. Glad to get into civilization again and to have a dry place to sleep and to cook our meals. We had had five days in succession of rain and snow, and but two days of clear pleasant weather on our trip. On the 3d of June we left for the Middle Spokan and Coiur d'Al6ne reservation. The first farms visited were those of Baptiste Peone and Fragin and their people, some ten miles north of Spokan Falls. We here found some fine grazing and agricultural lands. The farms of the Indians looked well. Corn was very fine, but still I think early frosts will prevent its ripening. Wheat looked promising. Baptiste has a fine band of horses and also of cattle. The whites, though, are beginning to hem them~in pretty closely, but so far there has been no trouble on either side.
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