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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the commissioner of Indian affairs, for the year 1879
([1879])

Reports of agents in Oregon,   pp. 124-136 PDF (6.9 MB)


Page 135

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN          OREGON.                  135- 
the middle of December), the expenses have been about $280, which includes
the sub- 
sistence supplies furnished the boarding department, and also cost of school
books, &c. 
APPIENTICES. 
Of these I have had six, two iu the grist-mill, two in the saw-mill and wagon
and- 
carpenter shop, and two in the blacksinith shop, one of whom also acts as
assistant 
farmer. They have made commendable progress, and by another year will be
quite 
well-qualified to carryon most of the work in their respective departments
of labor. 
POLICEMEN. 
On the 1st oflast January, under your instructions, a police force of three
men was 
organized. Since that time, by additional instructions, the force has been
increased to 
ten members. Their services are not often called into active use, as the
Indians have 
been nearly all well behaved. There have been times when they have rendered
good 
service, notably so last winter in dealing with some of the John- Day's Indians
who 
showed insubordination. At that time the force being small, additional volunteer
service was called for and given. Lately the force has done good service
in trying to 
rid the Dalles of worthless renegade Indians. 
CHURCH INTERESTS. 
During the year there have been upwards of twenty additions to the church
member- 
ship. Regular services have been maintained every Sabbath during the year.
During 
the winter months the missionary work was extended to the Warm Springs and
John 
Day Indians, whose principal camp was about ten miles north of the agency.
" They 
heard the word of God gladly," and our efforts in their behalf are bearing
some fruit. 
There have-been hindering causes which have retarded the work, and its results
have 
not been as satisfactory as could be desired. 
MORAL IMPROVEMENT. 
The tone of morals seems to be gradually elevating. Seemingly, there has
been more 
of lawless conduct than in former years, but in fact it is evidently so because
our facili- 
ties for finding out that crimes and misdemeanors have been committed have
been largely 
increased, partly through the services of the policemen, partly because the
better 
class of Indians are more willing than formerly to have arrested and punished
those 
who commit an offense against the laws of this agency and its council, which
laws 
now have practical application to the whole reservation, theyWarm Springs
last winter 
agreeing to be governed by the same. 
MARRIAGE CEREMONIES. 
I have performed a number of marriage ceremonies during the year. The usual
cus- 
tom is for the parties desiring matrimony to apply to the head chief and
members of 
t-he council, who are supposed to know if any objections exist. Upon their
deciding 
favorably, I am so informed, and the parties usually present themselves after
our 
morning Sabbath service, when they are duly married by me as the chief magistrateof
this reservation, which is really a Territory, as far as the Indians are
couerned, and in- 
dependent of State laws. 
BIRTHS AND DEATHS. 
As near as we have been able to find out there have been 21 births and 16
deaths 
during the year, thus giving us a gain of 5 persons, and goes to prove what
I have at 
other times stated, that I believed the Wascoes and Tennioes were increasing
by a 
small per cent., and it is to be hoped the Warm Springs will yet have the
same said of 
them. 
HEALTH AND SICKNESS. 
The general health: has been good, no disease of a fatal epidemic nature
having ap- 
peared. A portion of the deaths which have taken place were as much from
old age 
as from any particular disease existing in the system. Most of the cases
of sickness 
have yielded to the prompt and successful treatment of mry physician, Dr.
W. J. Farley. 
MECHA NICAL PURSUITS. 
During the year I have had the services of two excellent mechanics, John
L. and 
James C. Luckey. Both of these gentlemen have been here at different times
as em- 


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