United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879
Reports of agents in Dakota, pp. 19-52 PDF (15.7 MB)
REPORTS OF AGENTS IN DAKOTA. 45 zation or good health. Previous to my arrival last April no frame houses had been built for two years or more; since then we have erected three, and the intention is to build seven more this fall and next spring if our promised saw-mill arrives in season to saw out the framework. SANITARY. The sanitary condition of this people would be much improved if they had proper -houses. One trouble our physician has is in having them call on him when sick; and often after receiving medicine they will not take it regularly. One great want is that of a proper hospital for the accommodation of five or ten patients.. Total number of births for the year, 35; total number of deaths for the year, 29. POLICE FORCE. Since March 1, 1878, we have had 5 nolice. Our people have been so orderly we have had but little use for them. Whenever called on they have responded and with much discretion. We now have orders to increase our force to 13 privates and 2 officers. SUBDIVISIONS. In order to lay a foundation for future work, I obtained permission from the depart- ment to divide this reserve into ten districts, the better to know where the men be- longed and prevent them from idle roaming; also to encourage a spirit of emulation betw een the districts and cause more interest in their work. This, we think, has al- read y done much good. We have one Indian farmer appointed for each district, who takes charge of bridge-building, taking the census, reporting cases of lawlessness, aid- ing in distributing articles to those the most deserving, and doing any other work of public nature which may be necessary, in doing which he has authority to call on the, police for any needed assistance. LAND CULTURE. Last year's report shows estimated amount of land under cultivation. This year we have had our district farmers go over the fields and by paces ascertain nearly the exact amount of acres in crop, which is 3,239. Number of acres broken for increase of next season, 782; wheat raised last year, 12,000 bushels; amount estimated this year, 18,500 bushels; increase over last year, 50 per cent. All other crops have yielded in proportion except corn, oats, and potatoes which, have increased over 100 per cent. Number of cattle on reserve, 295; number of horses on reserve, 116 ; number of horses bought by Indians, 67 ; number of horses raised by same, 38; number of cattle bought by Indians, 30 ; num- ber of cattle raised by same, 44; number of swine bought by Indians, 11; number of swine raised by same, 32; number of log houses built by Indians, 53; number rods fenc- ing made by Indians, 7,159; tons hay cut,4,604 ; number of Indian families engaged ia cultivating land, 262; number of Indian families engaged in other civilized pursuits, 13; total population, 1,433. OUR NEEDS. We should have, the forthcoming year, some permanent changes. One is, that able farmers should furnish the wheat for the supply of flour at- the agency instead of its. being supplied by contract. We should have more teams and tools furnished and less provisions; this would require a new mill of 2 run of stone, which is much needed here. We should have more frame houses built, and not the least a frame school-house as & boarding-school for girls exclusively is a much-felt want on this reserve, as day schools have proved to be almost an entire failure. We need better accommodations for our employ6s, those we now use being old log houses. Should our grain yield in proportion another season, we should need mope horse-teams and more machinery to gather it. In conclusion I can but say everything looks hopeful and encouraging for the future. With great respect, CHARLES CRISSEY, United States Indian Agent. The COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.
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