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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1879

Reports of agents in Dakota,   pp. 19-52 PDF (15.7 MB)

Page 45

REPORTS OF AGENTS IN         DAKOTA.                  45 
zation or good health. Previous to my arrival last April no frame houses
had been 
built for two years or more; since then we have erected three, and the intention
is to 
build seven more this fall and next spring if our promised saw-mill arrives
in season 
to saw out the framework. 
The sanitary condition of this people would be much improved if they had
-houses. One trouble our physician has is in having them call on him when
sick; and 
often after receiving medicine they will not take it regularly. One great
want is that 
of a proper hospital for the accommodation of five or ten patients.. Total
number of 
births for the year, 35; total number of deaths for the year, 29. 
Since March 1, 1878, we have had 5 nolice. Our people have been so orderly
we have 
had but little use for them. Whenever called on they have responded and with
discretion. We now have orders to increase our force to 13 privates and 2
In order to lay a foundation for future work, I obtained permission from
the depart- 
ment to divide this reserve into ten districts, the better to know where
the men be- 
longed and prevent them from idle roaming; also to encourage a spirit of
betw een the districts and cause more interest in their work. This, we think,
has al- 
read y done much good. We have one Indian farmer appointed for each district,
takes charge of bridge-building, taking the census, reporting cases of lawlessness,
ing in distributing articles to those the most deserving, and doing any other
work of 
public nature which may be necessary, in doing which he has authority to
call on the, 
police for any needed assistance. 
Last year's report shows estimated amount of land under cultivation. This
year we 
have had our district farmers go over the fields and by paces ascertain nearly
the exact 
amount of acres in crop, which is 3,239. Number of acres broken for increase
of next 
season, 782; wheat raised last year, 12,000 bushels; amount estimated this
year, 18,500 
bushels; increase over last year, 50 per cent. All other crops have yielded
in proportion 
except corn, oats, and potatoes which, have increased over 100 per cent.
Number of cattle 
on reserve, 295; number of horses on reserve, 116 ; number of horses bought
by Indians, 
67 ; number of horses raised by same, 38; number of cattle bought by Indians,
30 ; num- 
ber of cattle raised by same, 44; number of swine bought by Indians, 11;
number of 
swine raised by same, 32; number of log houses built by Indians, 53; number
rods fenc- 
ing made by Indians, 7,159; tons hay cut,4,604 ; number of Indian families
engaged ia 
cultivating land, 262; number of Indian families engaged in other civilized
13; total population, 1,433. 
We should have, the forthcoming year, some permanent changes. One is, that
farmers should furnish the wheat for the supply of flour at- the agency instead
of its. 
being supplied by contract. We should have more teams and tools furnished
and less 
provisions; this would require a new mill of 2 run of stone, which is much
needed here. 
We should have more frame houses built, and not the least a frame school-house
as & 
boarding-school for girls exclusively is a much-felt want on this reserve,
as day schools 
have proved to be almost an entire failure. We need better accommodations
for our 
employ6s, those we now use being old log houses. Should our grain yield in
another season, we should need mope horse-teams and more machinery to gather
In conclusion I can but say everything looks hopeful and encouraging for
the future. 
With great respect, 
United States Indian Agent. 

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