United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
[Washington], pp. 326-340 PDF (7.2 MB)
340 REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS 100,000 feet of lumber, made this season, that will be worked into permanent improvements upon the agency. The steam-mill is all and even more than I expected when I started to build it. It is capa- ble of making one thousand feet of lumber per hour, and is stocked and run, with little exception, with Indian men. When I made my last annual report the steam-mill was not finished. We have since covered in the mill, put in a log-turner, cut-off saw, constructed rollers for carrying off lumber and slabs, built a reservoir, dug a ditch, and laid two thousand feet of iron pipe, taking water to the mill-house and mill. giving us an abundance of water for use and protecting us against fire. Our water-works are so constructed that, at a mo- ment's warning, we can throw water over the top of the mill The mill-house, mill, and improvement are worth $10,000, or $3,000 more than at my last annual report. The Department stock is in good condition. We have added, by purchase and increase, (not counting the calves of this season,) between four and five hundred head. We are careful not to recommend persons to be appointed as employ6s who are of doubt- ful character in morals or business, selecting tried men and women, who will give a whole- some example to the Indians and who will be thrifty workers in all the interests of the agency. The Indians, during the past winter, suffered much with measles and whooping-cough. I think about one hundred died. Those that were careful to follow the advice of the physi- cian and agent got along quite as well as could have been expecteQ. Those following their doctors died generally. Please see accompanying report of physician. I call the attention of the Department to the scanty provision made for the purchase of medicines. With more than two thousand de- pending upon the resident physician for medicines, $200 will not furnish the needed supplies., I ask there may be added $150 per year to meet this necessity. The religious interest among the Indians of this agency is among the most pleasing and promising features for future peace and permanent prosperity. With good subsistence, with cattle, horses, and the comforts of civilized life, the Government needs no soldiers to keep, quiet. These improvements and comforts, with proper instruction and wholesome examples,, will keep them the white man's friend as long as the sun and moon endure. I am, sir, your obedient servant, JAMES H. WILBUR, United States Indian Agent, Washington Territory. Hon. E. P. SMITH, Commissioner Indian Affairs.
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