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United States. Office of Indian Affairs / Annual report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the year 1874
([1874])

[Washington],   pp. 326-340 PDF (7.2 MB)


Page 340

340     REPORT    OF   THE   COMMISSIONER       OF INDIAN     AFFAIRS 
100,000 feet of lumber, made this season, that will be worked into permanent
improvements 
upon the agency. 
The steam-mill is all and even more than I expected when I started to build
it. It is capa- 
ble of making one thousand feet of lumber per hour, and is stocked and run,
with little 
exception, with Indian men. When I made my last annual report the steam-mill
was not 
finished. We have since covered in the mill, put in a log-turner, cut-off
saw, constructed 
rollers for carrying off lumber and slabs, built a reservoir, dug a ditch,
and laid two thousand 
feet of iron pipe, taking water to the mill-house and mill. giving us an
abundance of water 
for use and protecting us against fire. Our water-works are so constructed
that, at a mo- 
ment's warning, we can throw water over the top of the mill  The mill-house,
mill, and 
improvement are worth $10,000, or $3,000 more than at my last annual report.
The Department stock is in good condition. We have added, by purchase and
increase, 
(not counting the calves of this season,) between four and five hundred head.
We are careful not to recommend persons to be appointed as employ6s who are
of doubt- 
ful character in morals or business, selecting tried men and women, who will
give a whole- 
some example to the Indians and who will be thrifty workers in all the interests
of the agency. 
The Indians, during the past winter, suffered much with measles and whooping-cough.
I 
think about one hundred died. Those that were careful to follow the advice
of the physi- 
cian and agent got along quite as well as could have been expecteQ. Those
following their 
doctors died generally. 
Please see accompanying report of physician. I call the attention of the
Department to 
the scanty provision made for the purchase of medicines. With more than two
thousand de- 
pending upon the resident physician for medicines, $200 will not furnish
the needed supplies., 
I ask there may be added $150 per year to meet this necessity. 
The religious interest among the Indians of this agency is among the most
pleasing and 
promising features for future peace and permanent prosperity. With good subsistence,
with 
cattle, horses, and the comforts of civilized life, the Government needs
no soldiers to keep, 
quiet. These improvements and comforts, with proper instruction and wholesome
examples,, 
will keep them the white man's friend as long as the sun and moon endure.
I am, sir, your obedient servant, 
JAMES H. WILBUR, 
United States Indian Agent, Washington Territory. 
Hon. E. P. SMITH, 
Commissioner Indian Affairs. 


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